Ashraf, K. M. & Ismail, M. 1994. Prospects for groundwater development in Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. In: Ahmed, I. R. & Sheikh, A. M. (eds) Geology in South Asia - I. Proceedings of the First South Asia Geological Congress. Hydrocarbon Development Institute, Islamabad, 382-391. BGR & UNESCO 2004. Groundwater Resources of the World, 1:50,000,000. Special edition for the 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence/Italy, 20-28 August 2004. Hannover. Chandrasekharan, H., Navada, S. v., Jain, S. K., Rao, S. M. & Singh, Y. P. 1988. Studies on natural recharge to the groundwater by isotope techniques in arid Rajasthan, India. In: Simmers, I. (ed.) Estimation of Natural Groundwater Recharge. NATO ASI Series C, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 222. Dordrecht, Reidel, 205-220. Claussen, M., Kubatzki, C., Brovkin, v., Ganopolski, A., Hoelzmann, P. & Pachur, H.-J. 1999. Simulation of an abrupt change in the Saharan vegetation in the mid-Holocene. Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 2037-2040. Das, B. K., Kakar, Y. P., Moser, H. & Stichler, W. 1988. Deuterium and oxygen-18 studies in groundwater of the Delhi area, India. Journal of Hydrology, 98, 133-146.

Doll, P., Kaspar, F. & Lehner, B. 2003. A global hydrological model for deriving water availability indicators: model tuning and validation. Journal of Hydrology, 270, 105-134. Edmunds, W. M. 1998. Recharge to groundwater in arid and semi-arid regions from the Holocene to the present. In: Alsharhan, A. S., Glennie, K. W., Wintle, G. L. & Kendall, C. G. St. C. (eds) Quaternary Deserts and Climatic Change. Balkema, Rotterdam, 419-432. Enzel, E., Ely, L. L. et AL. 1999. High-resolution Holo-cene environmental change in the Thar desert, northwestern India. Science, 284, 125-128. Gat, J. R. & Carmi, I. 1970. Evolution of the isotopic composition of atmospheric waters in the

Mediterranean Sea area. Journal of Geophysical Research, 75, 3039-3048.

Geological Survey of Pakistan. 1964. Geological Map of Pakistan, Scale 1:20 000 000. Geological Survey of Pakistan, Quetta.

Geyh, M. A. 1994. The paleohydrology of the Eastern Mediterranean. In: Bar-Yosef, O. & Kra, R. (eds) Late Quaternary Chronology and Paleoclimates of the Eastern Mediterranean. Radiocarbon, Tuscon, 131-145.

Geyh, M. A. & Ploethner, D. 1995. An applied palaeohydrological study in Cholistan, Thar Desert, Pakistan. In: Adar, E. M. & Leibundgut, Ch. (eds) Application of Tracers in Arid Zone Hydrology. IAHS Publication, 232. IAHS Press, Wallingford, 119-127.

Geyh, M. A., Backhaus, G., Andres, G., Rudolph, J. & Rath, H. K. 1984. Isotope study on the Keuper sandstone aquifer with a leaky cover layer. In: Isotope Hydrology 1983. IAEA, Vienna, 499-513.

Geyh, M. A., Khouri, J., Rajab, R. & Wagner, W. 1985. Environmental isotope study in the Hamad Region. Geologisches Jahrbuch, C38, 3-15.

Gonfiantini, R., Conrad, G., Fontes, J. C., Sauzay & G. Payne, B. R. 1974. Etude isotopique de la nappe du Continental intercalaire et de ses relations avec les autres nappes du Sahara Seprentrional. In: Isotope Techniques in Groundwater Hydrology 1974. IAEA, Vienna, I, 224-242.

Hillaire-Marcel, C. 1986. Isotopes and food. In: Fritz, P. & Fontes, J. C. (eds) Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry, 2, The Terrestrial Environment, B. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 507-548.

IAEA 1981. Statistical Treatment of Environmental Isotope Data in Precipitation. IAEA Technical Report Series 206. IAEA, Vienna.

IAEA 1983. Environmental isotope data No. 7. World Survey on Isotope Concentration in Precipitation (1976-1979). IAEA Technical Report Series 226. IAEA, Vienna.

Job, C., Moser, H., Rauert, W., Stichler, W. & Zotl, J. 1975. Isotopenuntersuchung im Rahmen quartärgeologischer Untersuchungen in Saudi-Arabien. Naturwissenschaften, 62, 136-137.

Kaiser, k. 1973. Der jungquartare Klimaablauf im Damaskus-Becken und seinen Rahmenbereichen. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie Neue Folge, 17, 347-353.

Kaiser, k., Kempf, E. k., Leroi-Gourhan, A. & Schutt, H. 1973. Quartarstratigraphische Untersuchungen aus dem Damaskus-Becken und seiner Umgebung. Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie Neue Folge, 17, 263-353.

Maloszewski, P. & Zuber, A. 1985. On the theory of tracer experiments in fissured rocks with a porous matrix. Journal of Hydrology, 79, 333-358.

Merwe van de, N. J. 1982. Carbon Isotopes, Photosynthesis and Archaeology. American Scientist, 70, 596-606.

MUller, E., Rauert, W., Stichler, W. & Zotl, J. G. 1984. Isotope hydrology Tihamat Asir. In: Jado, A. J. & Zotl, J. G. (eds) Quaternary Period in Saudi Arabia. Springer, Vienna, 2, 194-212.

MUnnich, K. O., Sonntag, C., Christian, D. & Thoma, G. 1984. Isotope fractionation due to evaporation from sand dunes. ZFI-Mitteilungen, 29, 319-333.

Pachur, H.-J. & Hoelzmann, P. 2000. Late Quaternary palaeoecology and palaeoclimates of the eastern Sahara. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 30, 929-939.

Redhakrishna, B. P. & Merh, S. S. 1999. Vedic Sarasvati - Evolutionary History of a Lost River of Northwestern India. Geological Society of India, Memoirs, 42.

Scholz, F. 1997. Desertifikation und mobile Tierhaltung in der Cholistan-Wilste (Sud-Punjab/Pakistan). Erdkunde, 51, 244-256.

Sharma, P. & Gupta, S. K. 1985. Soil water movement in semi-arid climate - an isotopic investigation. Stable and Radioactive Isotopes in the Study of the Unsaturated Soil Zone. IAEA, Vienna, TECDOC II, 55-70.

Sharma, P. & Gupta, S. K. 1987. Isotopic investigation of soil water movement: a case study in the Thar Desert, western Rajasthan. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 31, 469 -483.

Singh, G., Joshi, R. D. & Singh, A. B. 1972. Strati-graphic and radiocarbon evidence for the age and the development of three salt lake deposits in Rajasthan, India. Quaternary Research, 2, 496-505.

Singh, G., Joshi, R. D., Chopra, S. K. & Singh, A. B. 1974. Late Quaternary history of vegetation and climate of the Rajasthan desert, India. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 267(889), 567-501.

Sukhija, B. S. & Rama, 1973. Evaluation of groundwater recharge in semi-arid region of India using environmental tritium. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, 77A, 279-292.

Sukhija, B. S. & Shah, C. R. 1976. Conformity of groundwater recharge rate by tritium method and mathematical modelling. Journal of Hydrology, 30, 167-178.

Sukhija, B. S., Nagabhushanam, P. & Reddy, D. V. 1996. Groundwater recharge in semi-arid regions in India: an overview of results obtained using tracers. Hydrogeology Journal, 4, 50-71.

Wasson, R. J., Smith, G. I. & Agrarwal, D. P. 1984. Late Quaternary sediments, minerals, and inferred geochemical history of Didwana Lake, Thar Desert, India. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeo-ecoogy, 46, 345-372.

Wilhelmy, H. 1969. Das Urstromtal am Ostrand der Indusebene und das Sarasvati-Problem. Zeitschrift fUr Geomorphologie, Neue Folge, Supplement, 8, 76-93.

Zaigham, N. A. 1999. Deep groundwater prospects beneath the Thar Desert of Pakistan. Geologica, 4, 97-112 (Geoscience Laboratory, Islamabad).

0 0

Post a comment