The European Union

The European Union today is at the forefront of action to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of major economies. Its member states continue to lead the international community in carbon reduction policies and practices. The entire EU is responsible for only 14 percent of global carbon emissions at present, and this percentage will shrink even further in coming years.94 It has also established the world's first functioning carbon market, which could evolve into a global one in years to come. Already the EU is considering expanding its Emissions Trading Scheme to include subnational states or entities such as the state of California.

Consequently, it is likely that the EU will cement its position as the most responsible and united regional organization on the issue of climate change. The Organization of American States may rival the EU in terms of its member countries' carbon emissions, but the OAS is not structured to formulate and enforce institution-wide policies, and that seems unlikely to change. Likewise, though the ASEAN Regional Forum (which is made up of twenty-seven countries that have a bearing on the security of the Asia Pacific region) and the East Asia Summit (in which both China and India are participants) bring many of the world's worst carbon emitters together to cooperate on energy and economic issues, these organizations lack the capacity and the mandate needed to develop and impose carbon reduction policies on their members.

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