University of New Hampshire

THE University OF New Hampshire in Durham, New Hampshire, was founded in 1866 as the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. The school became the University of New Hampshire (UNH) in 1923 and is the main campus of the state's university system. Academic programs cover a variety of disciplines such as the arts and sciences, humanities, business, engineering, education, and the health professions. Research facilities included Anadromous Fish and Aquatic Invertebrate Research Laboratory, Jackson Estuarine Laboratory, Coastal Marine Laboratory, Jere A. Chase Ocean Engineering Laboratory, and Shoals Marine Laboratory.

Courses, programs, and departments interconnect on the subject of climate. The Climate Change Research Center (CCRC) is dedicated to the study of the Earth's atmosphere. Set up for graduate-level instruction, the CCRC also provides information materials (interactive displays) to various organizations and provides support to K-12 teachers through lesson guides and teacher training. Several center faculty also have appointments to the Departments of Earth Science, Natural Resources, Chemistry, and

Engineering and work with undergraduates in the Research & Discover internship and Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program.

CCRC research focuses on understanding the fundamental properties of the atmosphere and how they have been affected by human activities and will continue to be so in the future, with areas of interest including air quality and climate, airborne sciences, biosphere-atmosphere exchange, halogen chemistry, ice course and air-snow exchange, new england climate assessment, and organic aerosols.

Courses taught by CCRC faculty are specific to the research being conducted in the department: Introduction to Atmospheric Science (fundamental principles and dynamics of the earth's atmosphere), Global Atmospheric Chemistry (relationship between atmospheric chemistry, climate, and global change), Atmospheric Aerosol and Precipitation Chemistry (processes determining the chemical and physical characteristics of atmospheric aerosol particles and precipitation), Measurement Techniques in Atmospheric Chemistry (instrumental methods used in atmospheric chemistry and biogeochemical research), Earth System Science (components, interactions, and concepts for characterizing the Earth's integrated system), and Regional Air Quality (measurement programs to examine air quality in New England and other global regions).

Earth Sciences is a multidisciplinary department including geology, oceanography, hydrology, ocean mapping, and geochemical systems specialization. Students have the option of choosing among the different disciplines in creating a program specific to interest and, in addition, have many different research opportunities from local research to field work at sites including Antarctica, Greenland, the Pacific and Indian oceans, Mexico, China, the Himalayas, Indonesia, Pakistan, and the western United States. Research in earth sciences covers all the Earth system components and relies on connections with researchers and faculty in natural resources.

Natural Resources and Earth Systems Science is an interdepartmental graduate program offering only a doctoral degree in natural resources and environmental studies or Earth and environmental science. The program relies on interdisciplinary work to understand and manage the environment with many pos sible options for study including atmospheric science and ethical and policy issues.

The UNH/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Cooperative Institute for Coastal and Estuarine Environmental Technology (CICEET) researches coastal resource management. Working with a network of colleagues throughout the United States, CICEET's focus is ecosystem health and coastal resiliency to find technology to address coastal challenge as well as providing usable information for people to have continued access to clean water and healthy coasts.

UNH hosted the Global Analysis, Integration, and Modeling International Project Office of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program until termination of the program in 2004. The decade-long project researched existing models. The more-than-decade-long project provided the foundation for the Global Carbon Project and created the platform for new integrative modeling activities.

The UNH is setting an example for public and private sectors; the president of the university joined other college presidents and chancellors around the country in taking a community leadership role and modeling ways to minimize global warming emissions and integrate sustainability into the curriculum and university environment with membership in the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment. Since 1997, the University Office of Sustainability—the oldest endowed sustainabil-ity program in U.S. higher education—has brought together all members of the university community in integrating sustainability throughout UNH (in curriculum, operations, and research and engagement).

See ALsO: International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); Sustainability.

bibliography. Climate Change Research Center, "Research," www.ccrc.unh.edu/research; International Geosphere-Biosphere Program, "Global Analysis, Integration and Modelling—GAIM," www.igbp.kva.se; University of New Hampshire Graduate Program, "Natural Resources," "Earth Sciences," www.unh.edu.

Lyn Michaud Independent Scholar

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