University of Delaware

THE university OF Delaware (UD) is the largest university in Delaware. The main campus is located in Newark, with satellite campuses in Dover, Wilmington, Lewes, and Georgetown. Approximately 16,000

undergraduate and 3,000 graduate students attend this university annually. Although UD receives public funding for being a land-grant, sea-grant, space-grant, and urban-grant state-supported research institution, it is also privately chartered. The university's endowment is currently valued at about $1.2 billion. In 2007, UD was ranked 15th nationally in Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine list of the 100 best public institutions of higher education. The University of Delaware was also ranked 15th best value for in-state students and 10th best value for out-of-state students. Seven academic colleges confer degrees at UD.

The College of Marine and Earth Studies is one of the seven colleges at UD. The undergraduate component of the college is currently housed within the Department of Geological Sciences, where students can major in earth science education or geology. Geology majors can undertake concentrations in paleobiology or coastal and marine geoscience. Students may also major in environmental science, collaboration between the Departments of Geological Sciences, Geography, and Biological Sciences. Environmental science majors can select several concentrations including the geological environment or the marine environment. There are also marine studies courses that are open to undergraduate students. These range from introductory classes for nonscience majors to advanced programs for science and engineering majors. The college offers graduate programs (master's and doctoral degrees) in geology, oceanography, and marine studies. The College of Marine and Earth Studies brings the latest advances in technology to bear on ocean, Earth, and atmospheric research, as well as on teaching.

Graduate study in climatology involves exposure to a wide range of research methods that can be used to help solve climate-related environmental problems. Faculty and graduate student research interests span the range of climatology and include climatic modeling, synoptic climatology, atmospheric dynamics, climate dynamics, physical climatology, water-budget climatology, paleoclima-tology, climatic geomorphology, glaciology, global climate change, human effects on climate, and climatic influences on society, particularly on human health and socioeconomic activity.

Climatology courses offered at UD include Geography 612: Physical Climatology, Geography 620:

Atmospheric Physics, Geography 623: Atmospheric Dynamics, Geography 651: Microclimatology, Geography 652: Seminar in Climatology, Geography 653: Synoptic Climatology, Geography 655: Water Budget in Environmental Analysis, Geography 657: Climate Dynamics, Geography 681: Remote Sensing of Environment, Marine Studies 809: The Ocean and Climate Variation, and Geography 855: Clima-tological Research.

sEE ALsO: Climate Change, Effects; Glaciology; Paleo-climates.

BIBLIOGRPHY. Climate Change-Global Warming, co2.cms. udel.edu; University of Delaware, www.udel.edu.

Fernando Herrera University of California, San Diego

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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