CENEf has long stimulated debates on energy efficiency in Russia. In January 1993, it developed a draft federal law, "On Improving Energy Efficiency," which was submitted to the former Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation and then to the State Duma. The Draft Law was published in 1993. This was an important precedent for public discussion of energy legislation. Since then, CENEf has played an active role in the development of Russia's energy policy. It has contributed to, and commented on, many official energy policy documents for various government agencies. CENEf's first years were marked by suspicion, as it operated in a political climate where centralized administrative control was still strong. In spite of this hostility, from 1992 to 1999, CENEf managed to set up over 40 specialized institutions to develop and implement energy-efficiency policy at the federal and regional levels.
CENEfis committed to improving standards of living in ways that respect the environment. It participated in the Second and Third Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), identified effective strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, participated in the Joint Implementation Program and the assessment of the environmental characteristics of combustion processes, and developed recommendations to improve combustion efficiency to minimize harmful emissions. CENEf has also produced publications and organized workshops to disseminate international documents on the limitation of greenhouse gas emissions developed in Kyoto Protocol and the United Nations Framework Convention.
Center for International Climate and Environment Research
SEE ALSO: Carbon Emissions; Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs); Russia.
BIBLIOGRApHY. Center for Energy Efficiency, www.cenef .ru (cited September 2007); Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, "Russian Government Approves Joint Energy Efficiency Center" (February 27, 1992), www.pnl.gov (cited September 2007).
Luca Prono University of Nottingham
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Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.