Ohio

ohio has an area of44,825 sq. mi. (116,096 sq. km.), with inland water making up 378 sq. mi. (979 sq. km.), and Great Lakes Coast water of 3,499 sq. mi. (9,062 sq. km.). Ohio's average elevation is 850 ft. (259 m.) above sea level, with a range in elevation from 455 ft. (139 m.) above sea level on the Ohio River, to 1,549 ft. (472 m.) at Campbell Hill. Most of Ohio is flat or gently rolling, with some rougher terrain between the major rivers and in the divide between the Great Lakes and Ohio River drainage systems. Lake Erie borders Ohio on the north and the Ohio River borders the south. Most of the rivers that drain into Lake Erie are short. Those flowing into the Ohio are comparatively long. Lake Erie is Ohio's most important lake, with many artificially created ports and interior lakes.

Warm to hot summer and mild to cold winters come from alternating dry polar air from Canada and warmhumid air from the Gulf of Mexico. In winter, polar air is dominant, often coming into conflict with modified gulf air, causing frontal or cyclonic storms. Gulf air is dominant in the summer. In fall, polar air passing over Lake Erie is modified, delaying the killing frost along the adjacent shoreline. The average annual precipitation is 48 in. (122 cm.), with distribution throughout the year, and snowfall usually melts quickly.

Western Ohio is part of the Corn Belt. Other major industries include agricultural crops (including corn and soybeans), dairy, and livestock. Vineyards and orchards (mainly cherry and peach), are found along Lake Erie, where the growing season is longest. Southern and eastern Ohio has woods, though forestry is a minor industry. Mining is important to Ohio's economy with coal, crushed stone, natural gas, sand and gravel, petroleum, lime, salt, and clays. Oil and natural gas are mined in eastern Ohio. The Gavin power plant in southeast Ohio burns coal supplied to the plant by a conveyor from 10 mi. (16 m.) away.

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