New York

STRETCHING FROM THE Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Valley, New York State presents a wide diversity of climate features. Elevations range from sea level in New York City, to some of the highest peaks on the east coast in the Adirondacks. New York State has a continental humid climate, with the geography causing climate variation. Storms and frontal systems generally move from the west and north, bringing with them masses of cool, dry air. However, storms moving along the Atlantic coast and from the south bring warm, humid air masses. These storms and frontal systems often meet over New York. Average annual mean temperatures range from 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) in the northern Adirondacks, to 55 degrees F (13 degrees C) in the New York City region. Extreme lows can occur in winter months in the Adirondacks and warm conditions generally prevail in the summer months in the New York City area. The highest temperature recorded was 108 degrees F (42 degrees C)in east central New York (Troy) and the coldest temperature recorded was minus 52 degrees F (11 degrees C) in Herkimer County, northwest of Troy.

Precipitation is fairly uniform, without a distinct wet or dry season. Generally, lower precipitation occurs in the winter months in the western Finger Lakes and the eastern Lake Champlain regions (approximately 2.2 in. (6 cm.) per month). The maximum amount of rainfall (approximately 4 in. (10 cm.) per month) falls in the summer in the Hudson Valley. Winter precipitation is usually in the form of snow—especially in the north and west—and snowfall can measure as much as 175 in. (444 cm.) per month in the Adirondacks off of Lake Ontario and off of Lake Erie. The diverse weather patterns support a varied economy that includes agriculture, including grains and corn, grapes, tree fruits, and a dairy industry. The snowfall lends itself to winter recreational endeavors such as skiing, but variable snowfall results in many resorts relying on manmade snow.

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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