New Jersey

NEw Jersey iS a densely populated state of almost 9 million on the Atlantic seaboard. It lies between the metropolitan areas of New York City and Philadelphia. It has a long barrier island shoreline exposed to the Atlantic Ocean to the east and is bordered by the Delaware River and Bay to the west and south respectively, the Appalachian Mountains in the northwest, and Hudson River on the northeast. The state has been particularly progressive on state-level greenhouse gas policies and regulations, and is also known as a site of a heavy industry and petrochemical production. It has the largest petroleum containment capacity outside of the Middle East, which is visible along the New Jersey Turnpike.

New Jersey has a long industrial legacy. Tributaries to the Hudson, Passaic, and Hackensack rivers fueled textile industries during the Industrial Revolution. Many large companies were founded in this state. John D. Rockefeller started Standard Oil of New Jersey as a result of the Standard Oil antitrust settlement of 1911. The company later became

Exxon and eventually merged with Mobil, formerly Standard Oil of New York. The oil, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries remained the economic lynchpins of the New Jersey economy into the 21st century. The deep ports of Newark, Elizabeth, and Bayonne, and their proximities to dense populations also attracted industries that utilize the extensive transportation infrastructure for moving global commodities. Port Elizabeth is the largest container port in the eastern United States. It was the largest in the world as recently as 1985; today it is the world's fifth largest marine terminal. It moved over $100 billion in goods in 2006. Little of that economic benefit remains in nearby communities, which are some of the poorest urban communities in the New York metropolitan region.

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