New Hampshire

new Hampshire has an area of 9,350 sq. mi. (24,216 sq. km.), with inland water making up 314 sq. mi. (813 sq. km.), and access to territorial water of 68 sq. mi. (176 sq. km.). The White Mountains region in the northern part of New Hampshire has dense forests and deep glacial valleys. The New England Upland in central and southern New Hampshire is hilly and contains many glacial-formed lakes and streams. The Seaboard Lowland covers the southeastern corner of the state and slopes down to sea level. New Hampshire's coastline on the Atlantic is only 13 mi. (21 km.) long, with islands and inlets.

New Hampshire has cool summers and long cold winters, though weather can have extreme variations. New England weather and climate is influenced by latitude (warm, moist air from the south and cold, dry air to the north), coastal orientation (position within the zone of the westerlies), and elevation changes. In winter, these waters remain warm relative to land areas, thereby influencing snow-rain boundaries, which are difficult for forecasters to predict. The highest temperature recorded in the state was 106 degrees F (41 degrees C) on July 4, 1911, and the lowest temperature recorded in the state was minus 47 degrees F (minus 44 degrees C on Mount Washington on January 29, 1934.

Land once used for farming is being returned to forestland. Remaining agricultural production includes dairies, livestock, Christmas trees, apples, and maple sugar products. Most of the commercial forestland is privately owned. Individual holdings are generally small, mostly less than about 80 hectares (about 200 acres). Some of these holdings were formerly unprofitable farmlands. More than two-thirds of the timber consists of softwoods, including pine, spruce, fir, and hemlock. In order to discourage indiscriminate cutting on private land, the state collects no tax on timber until after it is cut.

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