Change signed in Rio de Janeiro in May 1992, which they ratified two years later. The Malaysian government signed the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change on March 12, 1999, which was ratified on September 4, 2002, and took effect on February 16, 2005.

sEE ALsO: Deforestation; Developing Countries; Oil, Production of.

bibliography. C.L. Johnson, "Government Intervention in the Muda Irrigation Scheme, Malaysia: 'actors,' expectations and outcomes," Geographical Journal (v.166/3, 2000); Sham Sani, Environment and Development in Malaysia: Changing Concerns and Approaches (ISIS Malaysia, 1993); Sham Sani, The Encyclopedia of Malaysia: The Environment (Archipelago Press, 1998); World Resources Institute, "Malaysia—Climate and Atmosphere," www.earthtrends. (cited October 2007).

JUSTIN CORFIELD Geelong Grammar School, Australia

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Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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