the landlocked republic of Malawi, formerly the British colony of Nyasaland, has a land area of 45,747 sq. mi. (118,484 sq. km.), a population of 13,925,000 (2006 est.), and a population density of 282 people per sq. mi. (109 people per sq. km.). About 34 percent of the country is arable, with a further 20 percent used for meadows and pasture. In addition, 50 percent of the country is forested.

As for the production of electricity in Malawi, 97 percent comes from hydropower, with only 3 percent from fossil fuels. The introduction of hydropower was remarkably recent, with the first water turbine and generator brought into the country in 1966 and installed at Nkula Falls on the Shire River in 1966, with plans having been drawn up for it as early as 1942. As a result of this reliance on hydropower, and the country remaining largely undeveloped, per capita carbon

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