Kentucky 579

Lexington-Fayette County areas. The population of Kentucky increased by 10 percent 1990-2001. During that same period, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rose by 30 percent, reaching a total of 152.2 million metric tons. Kentucky is ranked 13th in the United States in CO2 emissions. Initiatives targeting this problem have resulted in a 6 percent rise in carbon dioxide efficiency.

In 2007, in the largest settlement resulting from violations of the federal Clean Air Act's acid rain program, East Kentucky Power Cooperative was required to pay at least $11.4 million in penalties for emissions violations generated by coal-fired power plants. These emissions included more than 15,000 tons of sulfur dioxide and 4,000 tons of nitrogen oxide emitted 2000-05. East Kentucky was also ordered to reduce toxic emissions by 400 tons annually, and to offset 20,000 tons of emissions that had been generated at two Dale Generating Stations units that were operating without acid rain permits. The company was ordered to install control technology to reduce nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions at both units.

Eight states and New York City have filed suit against corporations with documented records of contributing significant amounts of pollutants that lead to global warming and climate change. American Electric Power Company, Inc./American Electric Power Service Corporation, which controls Kentucky Power, is number one on that list because it generates an estimated 226 million tons of CO2 emissions each year. The Tennessee Valley Authority and Cinergy, which own and operate Kentucky fuel-fired power plants that respectively produce an estimated 110 million tons and 70 million tons of CO2 emissions annually, are third and fifth on the list of companies involved in the lawsuit.

Pollution in the agricultural sector is addressed through the Kentucky Environmental Quality Incentives Program, which offers financial help and technical assistance to farmers who engage in conservation practices. Under the direction of the Natural Resources Conservation Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, EQIP provides funding for reducing soil erosion, improving water quality, animal waste management, wildlife management, and targeting watersheds and regions of particular environmental sensitivity.

Conscious of the impact of transportation and industries on global warming and climate change, the Louisville Metro Government, the University of Louisville, and Jefferson County Public Schools have formed the Partnership for a Green City to coordinate environmental efforts. The organization is focused on changing behaviors that threaten the environment, encouraging environmentally friendly transitions, and promoting environmental sustain-ability within communities.

The Kentucky Environmental Council publishes Land, Legacy, and Learning: A Master Plan for Environmental Education in Kentucky to raise public awareness of the effects of global warming and climate change on Kentucky. Since the first edition was released in 1999, Kentucky has required all teacher preparation programs to include environmental education and has provided specialized training for advanced environmental training. Specific recommendations in the publication are aimed at pressuring the state to provide basic environmental information to all residents of Kentucky. Specific activities inspired by the publication include the launching of a five-year project in 2004 designed to promote improved water quality through individual behavior.

The Commonwealth of Kentucky encourages controlling pollutants that accelerate global warming and climate through the KY Excel Program, a voluntary leadership program. The goal of this program is to promote cooperation among individuals, state and local government, and the business community by recognizing significant efforts made toward environmental progress in Kentucky. Members are required to conduct at least one environment-related project each year in the fields of conservation, education, energy efficiency, financial support, mentoring and technical assistance, performance improvement, public health, restoration, and waste reduction. Specific projects have dealt with promoting plans to get motor vehicles off the road through carpooling, walking, and biking; encouraging the use of vehicles that use alternative fuels; taking showers instead of tub baths; cleaning up dump sites; and collecting and recycling wastes.

In an effort to reduce toxic emissions from fuel-fired power plants, Kentucky announced in 2006 that it had applied for a cutting-edge billion-dollar FutureGen Project to build the first coal-fueled power plant with near-zero emission capability. The plan calls for the plant to generate electricity by capturing and storing electricity in geological formations. Hydrogen

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