As a result of these efforts within GARP, in 1978, ICSU, WMO and United Nations Environment Program jointly organized an international workshop on climate issues, hosted by the International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IASA) in Vienna. This led to the first World Climate Conference in Geneva the following year. 300 scientists from all over the world analyzed the scientific evidence, and, for the first time, confirmed the long-term effects for global climate of atmospheric CO2 levels. They also stressed the important role of the oceans as a major factor in the natural variability of climate on seasonal to inter-annual timescales. The ICSU and WMO closed the Global Atmosphere Research Program in 1980 and set up the World Climate Research in its place. The research carried out during GARP laid down the scientific basis for the achievement of global and long-range weather forecasts.
SEE ALSO: Geospatial Technology; International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU); International Geophysical Year (IGY).
BIBLIOGRAPHY. GARP (National Academy of Sciences, United States Committee for the Global Atmospheric Research Program), Understanding Climatic Change: A Program for Action (Grand River Books, 1975); GARP, www.gcmd.nasa.gov (cited November 2007).
Luca Prono University of Nottingham
452 Global Environment Facility (GEF)
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Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.