Indiana university

INDIANA university (Iu) is public university internationally known for the quality of its academic programs, which attracts students from all over the world. IU plays a key role in the economic and social well-being of Indiana residents, offering educational, cultural, and financial benefits to the state. The University consists of eight campuses: the original campus in Bloomington, which is a residential campus; an urban campus in Indianapolis, which also includes the IU Medical Center; and six regional campuses in Gary, South Bend, Fort Wayne, Kokomo, Richmond, and New Albany. IU offers a total of 963-degree programs for undergraduate and graduate students at its statewide campuses.

The School of Public and Environmental Affairs (SPEA) offers Bachelors, Masters and Ph.D. degrees in Environmental Science. Fields of expertise include global warming, global climate change, carbon sequestration, and conservation of forests, coral reefs, wildlife, and watersheds. The SPEA also houses several centers of excellence in research. Distinguished Professor, Ronald A. Hites is the director of the Environmental Science Research Center. The goals of the center are to promote excellence in environmental science research and to foster increased interdisciplinary collaboration among environmental science faculty on the Indiana University-Bloomington (IUB) campus. The center does not offer degree programs. Its activities include seminars, discussion groups, and proposal preparation workshops.

Dr. Hans Peter Schmid Professor and Director of Graduate Studies is also Director of the Institute for Research in Environmental Science (IRES). His research interests include biosphere-atmosphere interactions, exchange of CO2, water vapor and energy between forests and the atmosphere, boundary layer meteorology, boundary layer development over complex surfaces, surface-atmosphere exchange over inhomogeneous surfaces (observation and modeling), spatial aggregation modeling of turbulent fluxes, modeling of subgridscale variability in terms of surface texture, source area/footprint modeling for turbulent flux, and experimental design and measurement of turbulent surface-atmosphere exchange processes.

ires mission

The mission of the IRES is to promote and coordinate research collaboration among environmental scientists at Indiana University Bloomington (IUB). IRES' activities enhance and facilitate communication between scientists affiliated among other departments and schools at IUB. This collaboration also supports integrative graduate research projects with cross-disciplinary mentorship, provides administrative support for externally-funded research programs in environmental science, and enhances the visibility and competitiveness of environmental science at IUB for research funding agencies, professional organizations, and the recruitment of prospective graduate students and faculty.

Schmid, along with Dr. Sue Grimmond, oversee the Morgan Monroe State Forest Project. This project, assisted by funding from the Department of Energy, manages the AmeriFLUX/FLUXNET tower located in Morgan-Monroe State Forest north of Blooming-ton, Indiana. The tower is designed to measure CO2, H2O and heat fluxes over a deciduous forest along with collecting other meteorological data. Courses offered at Indiana University that focus on Global Warming and Climate Change include: Environmental Change, Weather and Climate, Environmental Change—Nature and Impact, Environmental Remote Sensing, Hydroclimatology, and Climate Change.

SEE ALSO: Environmental Science Research Center; Climate Change; Climate Solutions.

BIBLIoGRAPHY. Hoosier Environmental Council, www.hec-web.org (cited October 2007); Indiana University, www. indiana.edu (cited October 2007); Union of Concerned Scientists, www.go.ucsusa.org (cited October 2007).

Fernando Herrera University of California, San Diego

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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