Grenada

THIS cARIBBEAN ISLAND, with some much smaller islands located in the Windward Islands, has a land area of 132.8 sq. mi. (344 sq. km.), and a population of 103,000 (2005 est.). Grenada has a population density of 672.2 people per sq. mi. (259.5 people per sq. km.), making it 44th in the world in terms of population density. Some 15 percent of the land is arable, with a further 3 percent used for meadows or pasture. Unlike many other Caribbean islands, Grenada still relies heavily on agriculture; it is the second largest producer of nutmeg in the world, and agricultural output makes up some 90 percent of the exports from the country.

government and tourism

Since the 1990s, the Grenada government has been trying to increase the number of tourists visiting the country. Many tourists visit the coral reefs around the island, the most popular of which lie to the southwest of the main island. This has led to an increase in carbon dioxide emissions per capita, with Grenada ranking 114th in the world, with 1.2 metric tons per person in 1990, rising steadily until 1997, when it reached a peak of 2.1 metric tons per capita. After falling, this figure rose again, surpassing this level slightly in 2001. Almost all the carbon dioxide emissions in the country come from liquid fuels, with all electricity generation in the country coming from fossil fuels.

As the temperature of the seawater rises, coral bleaching occurs, threatening the tourism industry. Hurricane Ivan hit Grenada on September 7, 2004, causing widespread damage and killing 39 people. The Grenada government of Nicholas Braithwaite took part in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change signed in Rio de Janeiro in May 1992, and signed the Vienna Convention in the 1993. The government of Keith Mitchell accepted the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change on August 6, 2002, with it taking effect on February 16, 2005.

SEE ALSo: Carbon Dioxide; Hurricanes and Typhoons; Tourism.

BIBLioGRAPHY. Naraine Persaud, The Development of Underdevelopment in Grenada (University Microfilms International, 1985); Jo Sargent, "After the Storm," Geographical (v.78/3, 2006); World Resources Institute, "Grenada—Climate and Atmosphere," www.earthtrends.wri. org (cited October 2007).

JUSTIN CORFIELD Geelong Grammar School, Australia

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