Greenhouse Gas Inventories

In accordance with Articles 4 and 12 of the FCCC, and the subsequent decisions of the Conference of the Parties, Parties to the FCCC submit national greenhouse gas inventories to the Climate Change secretariat. Following Article 12 of the Convention, the Conference of the Parties has elaborated several different types of reports and related guidelines consistent with the common, but differentiated responsibilities of the Parties, relating to their Annex status. These inventory data are provided in the national communications under the Convention by Annex I and non-Annex I Parties, and in addition Annex I Parties submit national greenhouse gas inventories annually. The greenhouse gas data tables contain estimates for: Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), Perfluorocar-bons (PFCs), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). Parallel to the stress on greenhouse gas emission limitation, the FCCC also stresses the importance of adaptation to climate change. Article 4.8 of the FCCC encourages Parties to consider actions, including those related to funding, insurance, and the transfer of technology, to meet the specific needs and concerns of developing countries, particularly small island countries and countries whose economies are highly dependent on fossil fuels.

In one of its subsequent decisions, the Conference of Parties requested the Convention secretariat "to work on the synthesis and dissemination of information on environmentally sound technologies and know-how conducive to mitigating, and adapting to, climate change; for example by accelerating the development of methodologies for adaptation technologies, in particular decision tools to evaluate alternative adaptation strategies." This request aimed to assist Parties in applying the best available methods to assess the impact of, their vulnerability to climate change, and their adaptation options. The secretariat has responded positively with a number of activities. It produced a report in 1999 entitled "Compendium of Decision Tools to Evaluate Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change" and has organized workshops and meetings of experts. In 2003, the secretariat issued a new version of the Compendium to reflect new developments. A final draft of the updated compendium, titled "Compendium of Methods and Tools to Evaluate and Adapt to Climate Change" was put on-line.

To facilitate adaptation to climate change, the FCCC and subsequent decisions of the Conference of Parties have established the National Adaptation Programs of Action (NAPAs) to provide LDCs with plans to respond to their pressing needs with regard to adaptation to climate change. The rationale for NAPAs rests on the limited ability of LDCs to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. In order to address the urgent adaptation needs of LDCs, NAPAs stress the importance of enhancing adaptive capacity to climate variability. NAPAs start with existing concrete coping strategies in LDCs countries at the grassroots level, and develops them to identify priority activities, rather than focusing on scenario-based modeling to assess future vulnerability and long-term policy at the state level. NAPAs give prominence to community-level input as an important source of information, recognizing that grassroots communities are the main stakeholders in the process of climate change adaptation.

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