FEEM (Italy)

THE FONDAZIONE ENI Enrico Mattei (FEEM) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan institute in Italy. The chief focus of FEEM is research in sustainable development. In July 1989, the president of Italy recognized FEEM as a research institution; FEEM has been operating since 1990 as a self-described "global network of environmental economists." There are four principle criteria that guide the research endeavors of FEEM: analysis of relevant fields of research, a focus on legitimate "real-world" issues in sustainability, utilization of multi-disciplinary and collaborative research schemes, and development and support of international networks for research and sharing of knowledge and information. FEEM has seven programs of research: Climate Change Modeling and Policy, Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Management, International Energy Markets, Knowledge Technology and Human Capital, Natural Resources Management, Privatization Regulation Corporate Governance, and Sustainability Indicators and Environmental Evaluation.

FEEM scientists from Italy and abroad carry out research. Italian and international researchers can work at FEEM through fellowship options. One such international fellowship is the Marie Curie Individual

Fellowship, for scientists with research experience outside of Italy. Italian scientists can apply directly for a FEEM fellowship. Scientists not fitting qualifications for these two fellowships can still work at FEEM. Culture Factories, run by the foundation, are locations for courses free to its registered users. Users are typically university students. The courses cover topics such as computer programming, graphic design, website design, preparation for the European Computer License exam, and languages.

FEEM has offices in several Italian cities, and its main headquarters are in Milan, with other locations in Genoa, Rome, Turin, and Venice. FEEM's Milan office coordinates and manages most of the research, as well as houses the administration. Additionally, the majority of FEEM research is conducted in Milan. The Genoa office opened in April 1998, as did the Culture Factory. Major activities of the Genoa office include training and research in the programs of Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Management, and Natural Resource Management. The Rome office opened in 2000, and, houses a Culture Factory. FEEM opened its Turin office in January of 1998, which housed the first FEEM Culture Factory. This office carries out research in the program of Knowledge Technology and Human Capital. Finally, the Venice office has been in operation since 1996.

Here, research is conducted for the programs in Climate Change Modeling and Policy, Natural Resources Management, and Sustainability Indicators and Environmental Evaluation. This office opened its Culture Factory in 1999.

FEEM can also act as a consultant to public and private sectors with questions of economics and environmental impact. FEEM collaborates with institutions such as the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, the European Union, the United Nations including the United Nations Commission of Sustainable Development, the World Bank, and other European, U.S., and global universities and institutions. The foundation is managed by a board of directors, which is overseen by a chairperson, an Audit Committee, a Scientific Advisory Board, executive director, research director, and coordinators for administration, applied research, the Culture Factory Project, international projects and relations, and publications. In 2006, FEEM published a series of books called the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei Series on Economics, the Environment, and Sustainable Development.

SEE Also: European Commission; European Union; Italy; Sustainability; United Nations; World Bank.

bibliography. Anna Alberini, Paolo Rosato, and Margherita Turvani, Valuing Complex Natural Resource Systems: The Case of the Lagoon of Venice (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006); Carlo Giupponi, et al., Sustainable Management of Water Resources: An Integrated Approach (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006); Anil Markandya and Marialuisa Tambo-rra, Green Accounting in Europe: A Comparative Study (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006).

Claudia Winograd University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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