Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change

About the General Editor

S. George Philander, Ph.D.

Knox Taylor Professor of Geosciences, Princeton University Research Director, ACCESS

S. George Philander, Knox Taylor Professor of Geosciences at Princeton University, and Research Director of ACCESS (African Centre for Climate and Earth System Science) in Cape Town, South Africa, has a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Cape Town, and a Ph.D. (Applied Mathematics) from Harvard University.

He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Geophysical Union, and the American Meteorological Society. Philanders research interests include the oceanic circulation, interactions between the ocean and atmosphere that result in phenomena such as El Niño and La Niña, paleoclimates (including the recurrent Ice Ages of the past three million years), and future global climate changes. His two books for laypersons, Is the Temperature Rising? The Uncertain Science of Global Warming, and Our Affair With El Niño: How We Transformed an Enchanting Peruvian Current Into a Global Climate Hazard reflect his keen interest in improving communications between scientists and laymen.

The goal of the African climate center, which Philander is currently directing, is to give Africa its own voice on environmental issues such as global warming.

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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