The Conference of Parties (COP) meets annually to assess progress in dealing with climate change. The COP also carried out the task of negotiating the Kyoto Protocol in the mid-1990s to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The COP is the highest decision-making authority of the FCCC. It is an association of all the countries that are Parties to it. The COP is responsible for managing international efforts to address climate change. It monitors the implementation of the FCCC and checks the commitments of Parties in light of the FCCC's objective, new scientific findings and experience gained in implementing climate-change policies. A key mission for the COP is to review the national communications and emission inventories submitted by Parties. Based on this information, the COP evaluates the effects of the measures taken by Parties and the progress made in achieving the ultimate objective of the FCCC. The COP meets every year, unless the Parties decide otherwise. Just as the COP Presidency rotates among the five recognized United Nations regions (Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe, and Western Europe and Others), there is a tendency for the location of the COP to also shift among these groups.
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