Canada

CANADA IS OFTEN seen as one of the coldest places in the world. It is the second largest country in the world (after Russia), located at the top of the North American continent. The United States and Canada share the world's longest unprotected border (known as the 49 th parallel of north latitude). In December 2007, Canada's population reached

33,091,228, most of whom live in the southern parts of the country, mainly near the St. Lawrence River and in the Great Lakes regions. The most well-known Canadian cities are Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver, and the nation's capital, Ottawa. Many tourists and visitors visit Canada's natural landscapes and rivers, rather than its cities and museums.

There are 10 provinces and three territories, including the newly named Nunavut province. Canada is surrounded by three oceans: the Pacific, Atlantic and the Arctic. The magnetic North Pole is located in Canada. A member of the Commonwealth and an active member of the G7/G8 summits, Canada is also one of four regions to be part of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC), along with Greenland (Denmark), Alaska (the United States), and Russia. Canada has been the site of international conferences and agreements pertaining to global warming, including the Montreal Protocol.

The average temperature in Canada varies according to season and location. Winters are long and snowy in almost all Canadian regions, usually lasting from November until April. In Canada's capital Ottawa, the yearly average temperature is 43 degrees F (6.3 degrees C), although in winter weather can get as low as 6 degrees F (minus 14 degrees C).

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