A pAradise Lost The Canadian Arctic

Since most Canadians have not visited the Arctic region, they only know the area from images seen on television and in the media. As climate appears to be warming up, the Canadian arctic region is becoming more attractive for neighbors like Russia, the United States, and Scandinavian countries, which see a possible road for transportation of commerce. The Canadian government reaffirmed its right to that region, but it is becoming more contested by countries that would like to change the Canadian route into an international zone, as has always been the case for Antarctica. Most Canadians do not agree with that international suggestion.

Davis Guggenheim's film, An Inconvenient Truth, (starring Al Gore) was a huge success in Canada. It was presented in English and French in many Canadian schools, and was sometimes screened more than once. Furthermore, the DVD of the film An Inconvenient Truth was often lent for free by video stores in Quebec, in order to make the film's message more accessible.

Other films about climate change had similar success, such as the documentary The Arctic Mission (2004), coproduced by the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). An important Canadian documen tary film, titled The Refugees of the Blue Planet (2005), and directed by Hélène Choquette and Jean-Philippe Duval, showed the environmental refugees who left their home because of the rising water levels in Brazil, the Maldives, and even in Canada. Another poetic film essay, directed by Pierre Perrault and titled Cor-nouailles (1994), explored the tundra and musk-ox in the Arctic region near the Elsmere Islands, in the north of Canada.

Debates about climate change and global warming are still ongoing in Canada. A few Canadian universities have programs in environmental education, such as the Université du Québec à Montréal, Université Laval in Quebec City, and also in Yellowknife (Yukon).

SEE ALSO: An Inconvenient Truth; Energy, Renewable; Energy Efficiency; Kyoto Protocol; Oil, Production of.

bibliography. David Biggs, et al., Life in 2030: Exploring a Sustainable Future for Canada (Sustainability and the Environment, Series 2 (University of British Columbia Press, 1996); G. Bruce Doern, ed., Innovation, Science, Environment: Canadian Policies and Performance, 2006-2007 (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2006); Geological Survey of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, "Geomagnetism: Daily Movement of the North Magnetic Pole," http://gsc. nrcan.gc.ca/geomag/nmp/daily_mvt_nmp_e.php (cited February 2008); Canadian National Climate Data and Information Archive, http://www.climate.weatheroffice. ec.gc.ca/ (cited January 2008); Bill Doskoch, "Why Canada's Greenhouse Gas Record Stinks," CTV.ca News, (Jan. 15, 2007) http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/ CTVNews/20070110/ghg_record_070110/20070115/; The Joint Government-Industry GHG MOU Committee, "Third Progress Update on the Memorandum of Understanding Respecting Automobile Greenhouse Gas Emissions," http://oee.nrcan.gc.ca/transportation/ghg-memorandum/ third-progress-update.cfm?attr=8 (cited October 2007); Mary E. Pettenger, ed., The Social Construction of Climate Change. (Ashgate, 2007); Stephen J. Pyne, Awful Splendour: A Fire History of Canada (University of British Columbia Press, 2007); Alex Wellington, Allan Greenbaum, and Wesley Cragg, eds., Canadian Issues in Environmental Ethics (Broadview Press, 1997).

Yves Laberge Université Laval

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