Antarctica

General Works

John Stewart, Antarctica: An Encyclopedia, 2 vol. (1990), emphasizes history and geography but includes entries on geologic features and scientific topics, as well as a lengthy, annotated bibliography. The most complete guide to literature about the Antarctic is the U.S. Library of Congress, Antarctic Bibliography (annual). Fred G. Alberts (compiler and ed.), Geographic Names of the Antarctic (1981), contains a compilation and derivation of Antarctica's place names up to 1979, with coordinates, details of discovery, and for whom each was named. E.I. Tolstikov, Atlas Antarktiki, 2 vol. (1966-69), is a comprehensive map collection in Russian, useful especially when complemented by the translation of legend matter and explanatory text from vol. 1, published as 'Atlas of Antarctica," a special issue of Soviet Geography: Review & Translation, vol. 8, no. 5-6 (May-June 1967).

Louis O. Quam (ed.), Research in the Antarctic (1971); Richard S. Lewis and Philip M. Smith (eds.), Frozen Future: A Prophetic Report from Antarctica (1973); and D.W.H. Walton (ed.), Antarctic Science (1987), contain review articles by leading experts on most subjects of research the latter two also with articles on resources, economics, politics, and the outlook for the future. Richard Fifield, International Research in the Antarctic ^987), introduces the various types of research undertaken in Antarctica. A general review, Raymond Priestley, Raymond J. Adie, and G. De Q. Robin (eds.), Antarctic Research ^964), emphasizes British scientific achievements, particularly in the Antarctic Peninsula and Scotia Arc. Semitechnical to nontechnical reviews of current projects and exploration are in summary articles in the Antarctic Journal of the United States (quarterly). A general nontechnical review of earlier research is provided in the still-useful work by H.G.R. King, The Antarctic ^969). G.E. Fogg, A History of Antarctic Science (i992), traces the development of scientific inquiry in Antarctica. Antarctic Science (quarterly) covers all fields of scientific research on the continent. American Geographical Society of New York, Antarctic Map Folio Series, i9 vol. ^964-75); and American Geophysical Union, Antarctic Research Series (irregular), provide modern maps and technical accounts of all phases of the research programs. A more recent compilation of data on Antarctica, displayed as maps and tables, is D.J. Drewry (ed.), Antarctica: Glaciological and Geophysical Folio ^983).

F.M. Auburn, Antarctic Law and Politics ^982), provides a comprehensive discussion of the legal aspects of the Antarctic Treaty, jurisdictional problems of crime, ecology, and tourism. Gillian D. Triggs (ed.), The Antarctic Treaty Regime: Law, Environment, and Resources ^987), discusses current aspects of issues raised by the Antarctic Treaty Anthony Parsons, Antarctica: The Next Decade ^987), addresses the history of the Antarctic Treaty and its future as well as current and projected uses of the continental region.

Physical Geography

WN. Bonner and D.W.H. Walton (eds.), Antarctica (1985); and R.M. Laws (ed.), Antarctic Ecology, 2 vol. (1984), discusses the continent's physical environment, fauna, flora, land and sea ecology, conservation, and exploitation. I.B. Campbell and G.G.C. Claridge, Antarctica: Soils, Weathering Processes, and Environment (1987), provides a summary of recent research.

Glaciers and Seas

Malcolm Mellor (ed.), Antarctic Snow and Ice Studies (1964); and A.P. Crary (ed.), Antarctic Snow and Ice Studies II (1971), are collections mainly of topical studies of greatly varied scope. John Mercer, Glaciers of the Antarctic (1967), provides a general review of Antarctica's glaciers. Stephen J. Pyne, The Ice (1986), investigates Antarctic ice and also describes other aspects of the region, including exploration, literature, and art. A.L. Gordon and R.D. Goldberg, Circumpolar Characteristics of Antarctic Waters (1970); and Joseph L. Reid and Dennis E. Hayes (eds.), Antarctic Oceanology, 2 vol. (1971-72), describe features of South Polar water masses, their currents, and their interactions with subtropical and subantarctic waters, as well as of the ocean floor and sediment carpet. George Deacon, The Antarctic Circumpolar Ocean (1984), includes a summary of early discoveries by explorers, sealers, and whalers and a review of modern knowledge of Antarctic waters. Other works include Martin Jeffries (ed.), Antarctic Sea Ice: Physical Processes, Interactions, and Variability (1998); and Stanley S. Jacobs and Raymond F. Weiss (eds.), Ocean, Ice, and Atmosphere: Interactions at the Antarctic Continental Margin (1998).

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