Amery Tce Shelf

The Amery Ice Shelf is a large body of floating ice, in an indentation in the Indian Ocean coastline of Antarctica, west of the American Highland. It extends inland from Prydz and MacKenzie bays more than 320 km (200 miles) to where it is fed by the Lambert Glacier. The region in which the ice shelf is located was claimed by Australia in i933. The area of this ice shelf is approximately 60,000 square km (23,200 square miles).


This glacier in central Antarctica descends about 2,200 metres (7,200 feet) from the South Polar Plateau to Ross Ice Shelf, dividing the Transantarctic Mountains of Queen Maud and Queen Alexandra. One of the world's largest known valley glaciers, it is 200 km (125 miles) long and is 40 km (25 miles) in width. The British explorers Ernest Henry Shackleton (1908) and Robert Scott (1911) discovered the glacier on their route to the South Pole. Later scientific research found the glacier and the mountains to either side to contain petrified wood and fossils of dinosaurs, mammal-like reptiles, ferns, and coral—evidence of a time when Antarctica possessed a temperate climate.

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