Applications of stress and deformation principles to classical problems

In this chapter, we will study some glaciologically significant problems for which an appreciation of the material presented in Chapters 9 and 10 is required. Our objective is not to provide a comprehensive overview of theoretical developments in glaciology, but rather to solidify the gains made in these preceding two chapters by applying the principles developed therein. In the course of this discussion, the student will be introduced to some definitive studies, frequently referenced in the glaciolog-ical literature.

Let us first consider the problem of closure of a cylindrical borehole, in part because this is relevant to our earlier discussion of glacier hydrology. Then we will investigate efforts to calculate basal shear stresses using a force balance model, followed by study of the creep of ice shelves. Finally, the problem of using borehole deformation experiments to obtain estimates of the values of the parameters in the flow law will round out the chapter.

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