C

Carbonate, 7, 9, 14, 23, 28-29, 31, 335 Carbon dioxide concentration, 5, 7, 10, 16, 18-20, 23, 29, 90-91, 93, 130, 155, 198, 219, 285, 322, 335-336, 359, 368-372, 376-378 equivalent, 359 Carbon isotopic composition, 164, 220, 335-336

See also Radiocarbon content Carnot machine, 257 Causality, 4, 257, 335-336, 368, 373, 378 Cenozoic, 6, 27, 29, 335 Censored variable, 169, 329-330 Central limit theorem, 46, 202, 233, 270 Change-point, 4, 12, 16, 31, 62, 113, 115, 134-135, 142-146, 148-150, 152, 164-168, 171, 174-175, 276, 361 Chicago, 379 Climate, definition, 4 Climate model, 5-7, 14, 16, 20-21, 25, 27, 30-31, 93, 106, 129, 163, 195, 202, 251, 275, 333, 364, 377, 387 AOGCM, 7, 16, 48, 94, 99, 106, 223, 279, 359, 363, 379, 385-391 CGCM2, 273 E-R, 359

regional model, 386, 390 Climate sensitivity, 359, 361-362, 375-377 Climatic attractor, 31, 47 Clouds, 3, 5, 332-333, 386 Cochrane-Orcutt transformation, 121-123, 169

Coefficient of determination, 162 Coefficient of variation operator, 67 Coloured noise blue, 61, 182-183 red, 177, 180, 182 white, 68, 182 Coloured noise, red

See also Hypothesis test, red-noise alternative Coloured noise, white

See also Persistence model, purely random process Condition D(un), 243 Confidence band, 50-51, 156, 170-172, 229, 253-256, 258-259, 277, 279, 282, 331, 366-367, 375, 388 Confidence interval, 67 bootstrap, 65, 77, 124, 146, 152, 156, 240, 293-294, 296-298, 301-302, 346, 349, 371, 388 ABC, 98, 104

BCa, 66, 81, 88-90, 94, 98, 101-102, 104-105, 109-110, 123-128, 130,

137-140, 147, 149, 153, 156, 174, 293, 303-307, 321, 328, 331, 338, 392, 394 bootstrap-t, 105, 110, 355 calibrated, 66, 99, 105-106, 194, 245,

304, 307-308, 310, 328, 355, 392-395 normal, 76-77, 87-88 percentile, 51, 63, 86, 88, 104, 163, 170,

194, 254, 328, 331, 333, 375, 392 percentile-t, 255

Student's t, 88, 90-91, 193, 303-308, 310, 351-359, 366, 375, 392 classical, 66, 74-76, 89-90, 113, 115, 119, 121-128, 136-137, 139, 141-142, 235, 237, 240, 246, 287-289, 291-293, 298-300, 303-307, 326, 346-347, 393-394

Confidence interval correctness, definition, 73

Confidence interval coverage, definition, 68 Confidence interval coverage accuracy, definition, 73 Confidence interval length, definition, 68 Consistent estimation, 100, 185, 280, 339, 345-346

Continuous flow analysis, 11-12 Convergence in probability, 100 Cooling event 8.2 ka, 165, 206 9.2 ka, 165, 172 Coral, 172, 218, 279, 364-366 Correlation binned correlation coefficient, 285,

311-314, 316, 318-323, 330-332 grade correlation coefficient, 295, 298-299,

303-306, 308, 326-327 Kendall's tau, 168-169, 328 nonlinear measure, 336-337 Pearson's correlation coefficient, 55, 96,

point biserial correlation coefficient,

327-328

Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, 285, 295, 298-306, 308, 310-311, 314-315, 326, 328, 335, 337-338 synchrony correlation coefficient, 285, 312, 314-316, 318-321, 330, 332, 385 Correlation operator, 286 Cosmic rays, 28-29, 332-333 Cosmic schwung, 170 Covariance matrix operator, 117 Covariance operator, 55 Covariate, 274-275, 282 Cretaceous, 6, 27, 29

Cross-validation, 101, 154-155, 157-159,

170, 251-253, 266, 280 Cyclostratigraphy, 215, 226 Czech Republic, 274, 309

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