References

Whilst it is possible to determine emission source data for the year 2000 (CO2 concentration and point source geographical location) with a reasonable degree of accuracy for most industrial sectors, it is more difficult to predict the future location of emission point sources. Whilst all projections indicate there will be an increase in CO2 emissions, determining the actual locations for new plants currently remains a subjective business.

A detailed description of the storage capacity for the world's sedimentary basins is required. Although capacity estimates have been made, they do not yet constitute a full resource assessment. Such information is essential to establish a better picture of the existing opportunities for storing the CO2 generated at large point sources. At present, only a simplistic assessment is possible based on the limited data about the storage capacity currently available in sedimentary basins.

An analysis of the storage potential in the ocean for emissions from large point sources was not possible because detailed mapping indicating the relationship between storage locations in the oceans and point source emissions has not yet been carefully assessed.

This chapter highlights the fact that fossil fuel-based hydrogen production from large centralized plants will potentially result in the generation of more high-concentration emission sources. However, it is not currently possible to predict with any accuracy the number of these point sources in the future, or when they will be established, because of market development uncertainties surrounding hydrogen as an energy carrier. For example, before high-concentration CO2 sources associated with hydrogen production for energy can

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