Research to Improve Understanding of Human Environment Systems

1. Climate Forcings, Responses, Feedbacks and Thresholds in the Earth System. Some examples of research needs that fall under this theme include improved understanding of climate sensitivity, ice sheet dynamics, climate-carbon interactions, crop and ecosystems responses to climate changes (in interaction with other stresses), and changes in extreme events.

2. Climate-Related Human Behaviors and Institutions. Some examples include improved understanding of human behavior and decision making in the climate context, institutional impediments to limiting or adaptation responses, determinants of consumption, and drivers of climate change.

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