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17.4 Development in the permafrost regions for the mining industry and underground engineering 515

17.5 Types of agrobiological development in the permafrost regions 520

18 Ensuring the stability of engineering structures in the permafrost regions 525

18.1 Principles of construction on permafrost (bases and foundations) 525

18 2 Methods of amelioration of frozen ground for foundations 534 18 3 Principles of foundation design and selection of type of foundation for construction on permafrost 540

18 4 Normative documents for engineering design and construction in the permafrost regions 546

19 Engineering geology in support of design, construction and operation of structures in the permafrost regions 550

19.1 Engineering-geological survey in the permafrost regions 550

19.2 Forecasting change in the geocryological conditions in the course of development 554

19.3 Principles and methods of the control of cryogenic processes 562

19.4 The basis of the rational use and protection of the geological environment in the permafrost regions 569

References 574

Index 576

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