Abstract

Theoretical concepts of the science dealing with frozen ground and cryogenic-geological processes are given. The principles of formation and development of frozen ground and seasonal freezing-thawing are elucidated. The particular features of the composition, structure and properties of frozen ground are described together with the conditions of their formation. The principles and methods of geocryological investigations and the classification of perennially frozen ground are considered. Also presented are the principles of engineering geology for design, construction and operation of engineering structures in the permafrost zone.

This work is particularly relevant for students studying in the specialization 'hydrogeology and engineering geology'.

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