Outline of Tools

The tools at hand for favouring restoration of abandoned land are a mix of ecological and socioeconomical actions (and sometimes "inaction") and techniques. Passive restoration is by far the main force that turns abandoned land into "original" or healthy ecosystems.437 It has the advantage of being cheap. On the other hand, the disadvantages include that it can be very slow in low productive ecosystems, involves few people (no labour is needed), and may turn into a more degraded land or autosuccession loops. Secondary succession can be aided by simply eliminating grazing in certain areas after agreement with local users and land managers. Fencing can be used for this purpose, although this can add substantially to the cost in some situations.

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