There has been some progress at international level to pay for the global commons. The best known is the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), which provides partial grant funding to eligible countries for projects that address threats to the environment in four areas: biodiversity loss, climate change, ozone depletion, and degradation of international waters. Under its biodiversity programme, the GEF can support conservation and sustainable use of significant biodiversity, including forest ecosystems. Funding from GEF for forest landscape restoration could be mobilised under this area.
In a landscape context, it will be possible to initiate a restoration activity with public funding in order to address immediate livelihood needs (e.g., provision of traditional medicines, reduction in people's vulnerability). In the longer term, and still within the context of landscapes and the restoration of many forest benefits, it may become possible to ensure sustained funding by the private sector in order to meet additional benefits (such as certified non-timber forest products, for instance).
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