Explanation of the Issue

Forest landscape restoration approaches use the restoration of forest functions as an entry point to identify and build a diversity of social, ecological, and economic benefits at a landscape scale. As such they rely on achieving broad consensus on a range of restoration interventions from a variety of stakeholders, who may have very different perceptions of what forest landscapes should provide. This requires effective negotiation among stakeholders whose negotiation skills, interests, needs, and power are often markedly different. However, the success of forest landscape restoration approaches often hinges on how successfully such negotiations are conducted. The principles of forest landscape restoration, therefore, aim at restoring forests to provide multiple social and environmental benefits through processes that involve stakeholder participation. The achievement of these ambitious goals relies on finding a successful passage through an array of practical challenges. These include the implications of current and future land tenure, competing land uses, and reaching a balance between different management regimes. Success depends on the ability of those initiating or guiding a forest landscape restoration project to manage the tensions and conflicts that will arise on the way. This, in turn, implies a certain amount of knowledge about how to identify, analyse, and manage conflict, retaining the varied, useful perspectives that are helpfully expressed through conflict, while resolving or mitigating those aspects of conflict that are dangerous or prevent project success.

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