There is very limited experience in applying conflict resolution and negotiation skills to landscape initiatives in forest restoration. We highlight here just a few examples from other chapters in this book that have shown some successful or interesting outcomes through negotiations.
• In Vietnam, a three-dimensional paper and cardboard model was used to bring stakeholders together around "their" landscape to identify specific elements within it. The process was aimed at reconciling different views of the landscape and what it could look like in the future. It provided those around the model with the opportunity to express their views on the importance of different elements in the landscape (more information on this example can be found in "Assessing and Addressing Threats in Restoration Programmes").
• In Malaysia, an ongoing negotiation process with oil palm plantation companies is gradually ensuring a change in the companies' policies related to restoration. Whereas initially the companies converted their entire estates to oil palm, they are now gradually allocating part of their land for natural regeneration and plantation of local species (for more on this example see "Restoring Quality in Existing Native Forest Landscapes").
• In Jordan, negotiation between goat herders and park authorities ensured a reduction in grazing, thus allowing for more natural regeneration (for more on this example see "Restoration of Protected Area Values").
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