Subject Index

Page numbers followed by the letter "f" indicate figures; those followed by the letter "t" indicate tables.

absolute potential for efficient water use 246 absorption of EMR 147

by leaves 26-30, 27f, 28t, 157 acidifying atmospheric compounds

267-268 acoustic energy 146 active instruments 150 active protection against frost 56 adaptive research 10 adult learning for agricultural producers 258-261

Advanced Very High Resolution

Radiometer (AVHRR) 162, 164-167 advection frost 55

aerial photography 7. See also remote sensing

Africa armyworms 132

global warming effects 278-279,

282, 287 locusts 133-134 National Rainfall Index 100 Sahelian region 119-120 tsetse flies 139 African horse sickness 140-141 agricultural drought 96 agricultural producers adapting to climate 237-261 attitudes to decision support

205-207 effective support for 256-258 forecasting needs 211-212, 213f modelling needs 11 tailored products for 223-224 with computers 190

agricultural production. See also crop production; livestock adapting to seasons 247-249 farm layout planning 238-240 forecasts for 7-8

impact of climate change 263-289 income from 247 on-farm conditions 10 sowing dates 58

water use efficiency 88, 244-246 Agricultural Production Systems

Simulation Model (APSIM) 183-184

agroclimatological services 1-12,

179-207, 209-235. See also forecasts agrometeorological databases 220-221 air drainage 58

air temperature 47-50. See also temperature Airborne Visual and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) 158 Akabane disease 127-128 albedo of the earth 16, 23 of shortwave radiation 24t ALEX 171

algal bloom, reduced by aquacaps 91 America. See North America; South

America ammonia, accumulation of 267 animal simulation models. See simulation models animals, global warming and 274 Antarctica global warming effects 282 hydrological changes 273 ozone loss over 268 precipitation changes 272

aphids 130-131 apples, freezing injuries 54 apricots, freezing injuries 54 APSIM 183-184 aquacaps 91 Arabidopsis thaliana 29 Arctic region 271-273

global warming effects 281-282 ozone loss over 268-269 armyworms 127, 128, 132 arthropod parasites 138-144 Asia global warming effects 269, 279-280, 283 hydrological changes 273 aspect, soil temperature and 43 ASTER Spectral Library 157-158, 176f astronomical periodicities 263-264 atmosphere air temperature 47-50 convergence zones 128 gases in 22, 267-272 radiation balance in 25 radiation scattering 20-22, 173f scattering of EMR 148-149 Atmosphere-Land Exchange system

(ALEX) 171 atmosphere-ocean models. See general circulation models atmospheric window 23 Aussie GRASS project 161, 169, 215 Australia agroclimatological services

214-217 aphids 131 cane toads 203f decision support systems in 206 drought monitoring 105-108 frost losses 55

global warming effects 269, 280,

283-284, 287-288 modelling in 187, 188t-189t precipitation changes 272 Queensland fruit fly 136 rainfall records 113 rainfall use 242-252 remote sensing used in 161-169 water use efficiency 84 wind-borne pests and diseases 128

Australian Association of Agricultural Consultants (AAAC) 216-217

Australian Bureau of Meteorology. See Bureau of Meteorology (AUS)

Australian Farm Journal 251-252

Australian paralysis tick 143

Australian RAINMAN model 190-197, 250

available water content of soil (AWC) 101

AVHRR 162, 164-167

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