Ipm 185

irrigation effect on rivers 121 for frost control 60-61 modelling 184 scheduling of 86-87, 170-171 sustainable 253

water required for 70, 84-85, 85f itch mite 144 Ixodes holocyclus 143

Japanese encephalitis 128 jarrah leaf miners 125 jarrah trees 127

Kenya, armyworms in 127-128 Kirchoff's Law 17 Kondinin Group, forecast review 217 Kytorhinus sharpianus 129

La NiƱa. See Southern Oscillation

Index Lambert's Law 18 land capability 238-240 land degradation 119-121, 245. See also sustainable land use land use 121, 237, 240-241, 265 Landsat Thematic Mapper 154-157, 167

larvae, wind transportation of 129

laser altimeters 150

leaves. See also plant canopy optimal photosynthesis angle 32f, 33f properties affecting transpiration 77 solar radiation and 26-36, 28f, 28t temperature of 50-51 lenticular transpiration 76 lice 141-142 lidar sensors 150

light. See also solar radiation; spectral bands crop production and 26 effects on pest insects 129-130 optimal leaf angle and 32f, 33f remote sensing of 145-146 light detection and ranging (lidar) 150 LISS-II sensor 154 Little Ice Age 264 livestock benefits from shelter 239-240 bluetongue in cattle 140-141 decision lags in managing 4 forecasting needs for 217 global warming effects 286-289 managing during drought 254-255 overgrazing by 120 parasites of 136-144 responses to climate change 10 weather effects on 212 locusts 125, 133-134 Long Paddock website 215 long-term forecasts 210

longwave radiation 23, 24f, 25t. See also radiation, energy budget low temperature injury to plants. See chilling injury; frost damage and control lucerne 245

Lucilia cuprina 125, 127, 139 lupins 131, 239 Lymantria dispar 129 lymphatic filiarisis 140 lysimeters 80

maize 44-46, 64-65 malaria 140

mangoes, thermoperiodism 65 marine ecosystems, global warming in 274

Maximum Value Composite

Differential (MVCD) 162 media use during drought 118 Mei scattering 22 Melanaphis sacchari 130 mesophyll, solar radiation and 26 MetAccess model 197-201 meteorological drought 96 Meteorus trachynotus 124 methane 264, 267-268 microirrigation 84

microwave radiation, remote sensing of

149-150 midges 140-141 migration patterns of pest insects 127-129

milk production, benefits from shelter

239-240 mites 143-144

modelling 9. See also general circulation models; simulation models agroclimatological management and

179-207 aphid populations 131 drought monitoring with 110-113 effective rainfall 74-76 summary models 181 moisture effects on pest insects

126-127, 135, 137. See also humidity; rainfall moisture thresholds 99t

Monelliopsis pecanis 124 monitoring committees for drought 117-118

monsoon conditions, determination of

71-73, 99 mosquitoes 140 mulching 59, 88-89, 245 multispectral images 154 Murray-Darling Basin 84, 280 Musca domestica 139 Musca vetusissima 125, 128 MVCD 162

nagana 139

Narromine (NSW), water use efficiency

246-247 Nation Drought Alert Strategic

Information System 111 National Climate Centre (AUS) 210, 214

National Drought Alert System (AUS) 161

National Drought Mitigation Center 97 National Drought Policy (AUS) 108 National Farmers' Federation of

Australia 217 National Institute of Hydrology, India 98

National Oceanic and Atmospheric

Administration (US) 83 National Rainfall Index (Africa) 100 Natural Disaster Relief Section (QLD) 107

NDVI 112, 161, 164-165, 168-169 nematodes 137

Netherlands, decision support in 205-206

netting, protects horticultural crops

253. See also screening New South Wales agricultural forecasts 215 drought monitoring in 106-107 frost losses in 55 remote sensing in 165-168 New Zealand, global warming effects

284, 288 Nigeria, rainfall in 71-73 night temperatures, respiration and 48 nitrogen oxides 267

nitrous oxides 264, 267

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment