Definition

Agrometeorology, abbreviated from agricultural meteorology, puts the science of meteorology to the service of agriculture, in its various forms and facets, to help with the sensible use of land, to accelerate the production of food, and to avoid the irreversible abuse of land resources (Smith, 1970). Agrometeorology is also defined as the science investigating the meteorological, climatological, and hydrological conditions that are significant to agriculture owing to their interaction with the objects and processes of agriculture production (Molga, 1962).

The definition of biometeorology adopted by the International Society of Biometeorology (ISB) states, "Biometeorology is an interdisciplinary science dealing with the application of fields of meteorology and climatology to biological systems" (Hoppe, 2000, p. 383). The general scope includes all kinds of interactions between atmospheric processes and living organisms—plants, animals, and humans. By this definition, it becomes evident that there are roughly three subbranches of biometeorology: plant, animal, and human biometeorology (Hoppe, 2000). The domain of agrometeorology is the plant and animal subbranches. The third subbranch, human biometeorology, is outside the scope of agrometeorology.

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