References

aafc (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada) (2000), 'Vegetable oil: situation and outlook', Bi-weekly Bull, 13 (6), 1-6. aliotta, g., molinario, a., monaco, p., pinto, g. and previtera, l. (1992), 'Three biologically active phenylpropanoid glucosides from Myriophyllum verti-cillatum'. Phytochemistry, 31, 109-111. annadurai, g., juang, r. s. and lee, d. j. (2002), 'Biodegradation and adsorption of phenols using activated carbon immobilized with Pseudomonas putida'. J Environ Sci Health A, Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng, 37, 1133-1146. arienzo, m. and capasso, r. (2000), 'Analysis of metal cations and inorganic anions in olive oil mill waste waters by atomic absorption spectroscopy and ion chromatography. Detection of metals bound mainly to the organic polymeric fraction', J Agric Food Chem, 48 (4), 1405-1410. aruoma, o. i. and halliwell, b. (1987), 'Action of hypochlorous acid on the antioxidant protective enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase', Biochem J, 248, 973-976. auroma, o. i., deiane, m., jenner, a., halliwell, b., kaur, m., banni, s., corongin, f. p., dessi, m. a. and aesbach, r. (1998), 'Effect of hydroxytyrosol found in extra virgin olive oil on oxidative DNA damage and on low-density lipoprotein oxidation', J Agric Food Chem, 46, 5181-5187. banat, i. m., makkar, r. s. and cameotra, s. s. (2000), 'Potential applications of microbial surfactants', Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 53, 495-508. beccari, m., majone, m., riccardi, c., bavarese, f. and torrisi, l. (1999), 'Integrated treatment of olive oil mill effluents: effect of chemical and physical pre-treatment on anaerobic treatability', Water Sci Technol, 40, 347-355. beccari, m., majone, m., petrangeli papini, m. and torrisi, l. (2000), 'Enhancement of anaerobic treatability of olive oil mill effluents by addition of Ca(OH)2 and bentonite without intermediate solid/liquid separation', Proceedings of the 1st World Congress of the International Water Association, Paris, July 3-7.

beccari, m., carucci, g., lanz, a. m., magone, m. and papini, m. p. (2002), 'Removal of molecular weight fractions of cod and phenolic compounds in an integrated treatment of olive oil mill effluents', Biodegradation, 13, 401-410.

beltran, f. j., garcia-araya, j. f., frades, j. and gimeno, o. (1999), 'Effects of single and combined ozonation with hydrogen peroxide or UV radiation on the chemical degradation and biodegradability of debittering table olive industrial wastewaters', Water Res, 33 (3), 723-732. benitez, j., beltran-heredia, h., torregrosa, j., acero, j. l. and cercas, v. (1997), 'Aerobic degradation of olive mill wastewaters', Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 47, 185-188. bertin, l., majone, m., di gioia, d. and fava, f. (2001), 'An aerobic fixed-phase biofilm reactor system for the degradation of the low-molecular weight aromatic compounds occurring in the effluents of anaerobic digestors treating olive mill wastewaters', J Biotechnol, 87, 161-177. bertin, l., berselli, s., fava, f., petrangeli-papini, m. and marchetti, l. (2004), 'Anaerobic digestion of olive mill wastewaters in biofilm reactors packed with granular activated carbon and 'Manville' silica beads', Water Res, 38, 3167-3178.

bmz (1995), Documentation on Monitoring and Evaluating Environmental Impacts, Environmental Handbook, Bonn, German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. borja, r., alba, j. and banks, c. j. (1997), 'Impact of the main phenolic compounds of olive mill wastewater (OMWW) on the kinetics of acetoclastic metha-nogensis', Process Biochem, 32, 121-133. borja, r., alba, j., mancha, a., martin, a., alonso, v. and sanchez, e. (1998), 'Comparative effect of different aerobic pre-treatments on the kinetics and macro energetic parameters of anaerobic digestion of olive mill wastewater in continuous mode', Bioprocess Eng, 18, 127-134. bray, c. and gorin, m. h. (1932), 'Ferryl ion a compound of tetravalent iron', J

Am Chem Soc, 54, 2124-2125. bressan, m., liberatore, l., d'alessandro, n., tonucci, l., belli, c. and ranalli, g. (2004), 'Improved combined chemical and biological treatments of olive oil mill wastewaters', J Agric Food Chem, 52, 1228-1233. capasso, r., evidente, a., avolio, s. and solla, f. (1999), 'A highly convenient synthesis of hydroxytyrosol and its recovery from agricultural waste waters', J Agric Food Chem, 47, 1745-1748. capasso, r., de martino, a. and arienzo, m. (2002), 'Recovery and characterization of the metal polymeric organic fraction (polymerin) from olive oil mill wastewaters', J Agric Food Chem, 50 (10), 2846-2855. chikamatsu, y., ando, h., yamamoto, a., kyo, s., yamashita, k. and dojo, k. (1996), 'Hydroxytyrosol as melanin formation inhibitor and lipid peroxide formation inhibitor and its application to topical preparations and bath preparations', Japanese Patent 119825, 1-10. daniel, h. j., reuss, m. and syldatk, c. (1998), 'Production of sophorolipids in high concentration from deproteinized whey and rape seed oil in a two stage fed batch process using Candida bombicola ATTC 22214 and Cryptococcus curvatus ATCC 20509', Biotechnol Lett, 20, 1153-1156. defilippi, j. j. and lupton, s. (1998), Introduction to Microbiological Degradation of Aquous Waste and its Application Using a Fixed-Film Reactor, John Wiley, New York, pp. 1-34.

desai, j. d. and banat, i. m. (1997), 'Microbial production of surfactants and their commercial potential', Microbial Mol Rev, 61, 47-64.

dias, a. c. p., fernandes, p., cabral, j. m. s. and pinheiro, h. m. (2002), 'Isolation of a biodegradable sterol-rich fraction from industrial wastes', Bioresour Technol, 82, 253-260.

dmytryshyn, s. l., dalai, a. k., chaudhari, s. t., mishra, h. k. and reaney, m. j. (2004), 'Synthesis and characterization of vegetable oil derived esters evaluation for their diesel additive properties', Bioresour Technol, 92 (1), 55-64. fao (Food and Agriculture Organization) (1998), FAOSTAD Database Collections, www-internet http//apps.fao.org. fernández-bolanos, j. f., rodríguez, g., gomez, e., guillen, r., jimenez, a., heredia, a. and rodríguez, r. (2004), 'Total recovery of the waste of two-phase olive oil processing: Isolation of added-value compounds', J Agric Food Chem, 52, 5849-5855. Fernández-bolaños, j. f., rodríguez, g., rodríguez, r., heredia, a., guillen, r. and jienez, a. (2002), 'Production in large quantities of highly purified hydroxytyrosol from liquid-solid waste of two-phase olive oil processing or "Alperujo" ', J Agric Food Chem, 50, 6804-6811. fiorentino, a., gentili, a., isidori, m., monaco, p., nardelli, a., parrella, a. and temussi, f. (2003), 'Environmental effects caused by olive mill wastewaters: toxicity comparison of low-molecular-weight phenol components', J Agric Food Chem, 51, 1005-1009. fiorentino, a., gentili, a., isidori, m., lavorgna, m., parrella, a. and temessi, f. (2004), 'Olive oil mill wastewater treatment using a chemical and biological approach', J Agric Food Chem, 52, 5151-5154. gonzález-lópez, j., pozo, c., martinez-toledo, m. v., rodelas, b. and salmerón, v. (1996), 'Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates by Azotobacter chroococ-cum H23 in wastewater from olive oil mills (Alpechin)', Int Biodet Biodegr, 38, 271-276.

guillen, r., Fernández--bolanos, j. and heredia, a. (1993), 'Evolution of olive components (Hojiblanca cultivar) with ripening'. Grasas Y Aceites, 44, 201-203. ibrahim, a., yeoh, b. c., chea, s. c., an, m., chew, a. s., raj, t. j. and wahid, m. j. a. (1984), 'Thermophilic anaerobic contact digestion of palm oil mill effluent', Water Sci Technol, 17, 155-166. ielmini, m., sanna, m. and pelosi, n. (1976) 'Investigation of effluents from olive oil factories in Rome province: the possibility of depuration', Industrie Alimentari, 15, 123-131.

kieslich, k. (1985), 'Microbial side-chain degradation of sterols', J Basic Microbiol, 25, 461-474.

krishnakumar, v. and gordon, i. (1996), 'Antioxidants. Trends and developments', Int Food Ingred, 5, 41-44. kudsiana, d. and saka, s. (2001a), 'Kinetics of transesterification in rapeseed oil to biodiesel fuels as treated in supercritical methanol', Fuel, 80, 693.

kudsiana, d. and saka, s. (2001b), 'Methyl esterification of free fatty acids of rapeseed oil as treated in supercritical methanol', J Chem Eng Japan, 34 (3), 383-387.

lang, s. and rau, u. (1999), Biokonversion nachwachsender Rohstoffe mit

Mikroorganismen', BIOforum, 7-8, 430-432. lópez, m. j., moreno, j. and ramos-cormenzana, a. (2001), 'The effect of olive mill wastewaters variability on xanthan production'. J Appl Microb, 90, 829-835.

lua, a. c. and guo, j. (1999) 'Chars pyrolised from oil palm wastes for activated carbon preparation', J Environ Eng, 125, 72-76. ma, f. and hanna, m. a. (1999), 'Biodiesel production: a review', Bioresour Technol, 70, 1-15.

makkar, r. s. and cameotra, s. s. (2002), 'An update on the use of unconventional substrates for biosurfactant production and their new applications', Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 58, 428-434. marques, i. p. (2001), 'Anaerobic digestion of olive mill waste-water for effluent re-use in irrigation', Desalination, 137, 233-239. monteoliva-sánchez, m., incerti, c., ramos-cormenzana, a., parades, c., roig, a. and cegarra, j. (1996), 'The study of the aerobic bacterial microbiota and the biotoxicity in various samples of olive mill wastewaters (alpechin) during their composting process', Int Biodet Biodegr, 38, 211-214. nonato, r.v., mantelatto, p. e. and rossell, c. e. v. (2001), 'Integrated production of biodegradable plastic, sugars and ethanol', Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 57, 1-5.

ny, w. j., wong, k. k. and cin, k. k. (1985), 'Two-phase anaerobic treatment kinetics of palm oil wastes', Water Res, 19, 667-669. pamin, k. (1988), 'A hundred and fifty years of oil palm development in Indonesia: from Bogor Botanical Garden to the industry', in Proceedings of the International Oil Palm Conference: Commodity of the past, today and the future, Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute, Indonesia JI, Brigjen Katamso. peréz, j., hernandez, m. t., ramos-cormenzana, a. and martinez, j. (1987), 'Characterization de fenoles del pigmento del alpechin y transformación por Phanerochaete chrysosporium', Grasas Aceites, 38, 367-371. peréz, j., ramos-cormenzana, a. and martinez, j. (1990), 'Bacteria degrading phenolic acid isolated on a polymeric phenolic pigment', J App Bact, 69, 38-42.

peréz, c., pérez, i. and hervé, e. (1995), 'Isolation and partial characterization of a new mutant for sterol biotransformation in Mycobacterium sp.', Biotechnol Lett, 17 (11), 1241-1246. peréz, j., de la rubia, t., hamman, o. b. and martinez, j. (1998), 'Phanerochaete flavido-alba laccase induction and modification of manganese peroxidase isoenzyme pattern in decolorized olive oil mill wastewater', Appl Environ Microb, 64, 2726-2729.

pinto, g., pollio, a., previtera, l., stanzione, m. and temessi, f. (2003), 'Removal of low molecular weight phenols from olive oil mill wastewater using microalgae', Biotechnol Lett, 25, 1657-1659. rajeshwari, k. v., balakrishnan, m., kansal, a. and kusum lata kishore, v. v. m. (2000), 'State of the art of anaerobic digestion technology for industrial wastewater treatment', Ren Sust Energy Rev, 4, 135-156. ramos-cormenzana, a., monteoliva-sánchez, m. and lópez, m. j. (1995),

'Bioremediation of alpechin', Int Biodet Biodeg, 35, 249-268. richter, k., kamm, b. and kamm, m. (1999), 'Erzeugung von biologisch abbaubaren Polymeren (Polyactide) auf der Basis von nachwachsenden Rohstoffen', in Neue Erkenntnisse zur stofflichen Nutzung von nachwachsenden Rohstoffen, Rektor der TU Bergakademic Freiberg, pp. 130-143. rivas, f. j., beltrán, f. j., gimeno, o. and alvarez, p. (2001), 'Chemical biological treatment of table olive manufacturing wastewater', J Environ Eng, 127, 611-619.

rozzi, a., pasino, r. and lomoni, m. (1989), 'Anaerobic treatment of olive mill effluent in polyurethane foam bed reactors', Process Biochem, 26, 68-74. sampedro, i., romero, c., ocampo, j.a., brenes, m. and garcia, i. (2004), 'Removal of monomeric phenols in dry mill olive residue by saprobic fungi', J Agric Food Chem, 52, 4487-4492. shreve, g. s. and vogel, t. m. (1993), 'Comparison of substrate utilization and growth kinetics between immobilized and suspended Pseudomonas cells', Biotechnol Bioeng, 41, 370-379.

siller, h. (1998), Anaerobe Behandlung von Problemabwässern aus der Lebensmittelindustrie, Karlsruher Berichte zur Ingenieurbiologie, Institut für Ingenieurbiologie und Biotechnologie des Abwassers, Universität Karlsruhe, Germany.

sreenath, h. k., moldes, a. b., koegel, r. g. and straub, r. j. (2001), 'Lactic acid production from agriculture residues', Biotech Lett, 23, 179-184. Steinbüchel, a. and hein, s. (2001), 'Biochemical and molecular basis of microbial synthesis of polyhydroxalkanoates in microorganisms', Adv Biochem Eng/ Biotechnol, 71, 81-123. tsimidou, m. (1998), 'Polyphenols and quality of virgin olive oil in retrospect', Ital

J Food Sci, 10, 99-116. tsimidou, m., papadopoulos, g. and boskou, d. (1992), 'Phenolic compounds and stability of virgin olive oil'. Part. 1, Food Chem, 45, 141-144. veglio, f., beolchini, f. and prisciandaro, m. (2003), 'Sorption of copper by olive mill residues', Water Res, 37 (20), 4895-4903. vinson, j. a. and hontz, b. a. (1995), 'Phenol antioxidant index: comparative antioxidant effectiveness of red and white wines', J Agric Food Chem, 43, 401-403.

visioli, f., bellomo, g. and galli, c. (1998), 'Free radical-scavenging properties of olive oil polyphenols', Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 247, 60-64. visioli, f., romani, a., mulinacci, n., zarini, s., conte, d., vincieri, f. f. and galli, c. (1999), 'Antioxidant and other biological activities of olive oil mill waste waters', J Agric Food Chem, 47, 3397-3401. yesilada, e., özmen, m. and yesilada, ö. (1999), 'Studies on the toxic and geno-

toxic effect of olive oil mill wastewater', Env Tox Biotech, 8 (11/12), 732-739. young baek kim and lenz, r. w. (2001), 'Polyesters from microorganisms', Adv Biochem Eng/Biotechnol, 71, 51-79.

Part V

Minimising disposal: wastewater and solid waste management in the food industry

Going Green For More Cash

Going Green For More Cash

Stop Wasting Resources And Money And Finnally Learn Easy Ideas For Recycling Even If You’ve Tried Everything Before! I Easily Found Easy Solutions For  Recycling Instead Of Buying New And Started Enjoying Savings As Well As Helping The Earth And I'll Show You How YOU Can, Too! Are you sick to death of living with the fact that you feel like you are wasting resources and money?

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment