Novel foods legislation

An important piece of legislation which should be considered in the exploitation of food co-products and wastes concerns the regulation on novel foods and novel food ingredients (Regulation (EC) No. 258/97).

Table 1.3 An extract from the EU list of wastes (see 'Waste list' in reference section)

02 02 wastes from the preparation and processing of meat, fish and other foods of animal origin

02 02 01 sludges from washing and cleaning

02 02 02 animal-tissue waste

02 02 03 materials unsuitable for consumption or processing

02 02 04 sludges from on-site effluent treatment

02 02 99 wastes not otherwise specified

02 03 wastes from fruit, vegetables, cereals, edible oils, cocoa, coffee, tea and tobacco preparation and processing; conserve production; yeast and yeast extract production, molasses preparation and fermentation

02 03 01 sludges from washing, cleaning, peeling, centrifuging and separation

02 03 02 wastes from preserving agents

02 03 03 wastes from solvent extraction

02 03 04 materials unsuitable for consumption processing

02 03 05 sludges from on-site effluent treatment

02 03 99 wastes not otherwise specified

02 04 wastes from sugar processing

02 04 01

soil from cleaning and washing beet

02 04 02

off-specification calcium carbonate

02 04 03

sludges from on-site effluent treatment

02 04 99

wastes not otherwise specified

02 05 wastes from the dairy products industry

02 05 01

materials unsuitable for consumption or processing

02 05 02

sludges from on-site effluent treatment

02 05 99

wastes not otherwise specified

02 06 wastes from the baking and confectionery industry

02 06 01

materials unsuitable for consumption or processing

02 06 02

wastes from preserving agents

02 06 03

sludges from on-site effluent treatment

02 06 99

wastes not otherwise specified

02 07 wastes from the production of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages (except coffee, tea and cocoa)

02 07 01 wastes from washing, cleaning and mechanical reduction of raw materials

02 07 02 wastes from spirits distillation 02 07 03 wastes from chemical treatment 02 07 04 materials unsuitable for consumption or processing 02 07 05 sludges from on-site effluent treatment

Fig. 1.6 Overview of the relationships between waste, secondary raw materials and products, with EC legislation (after AWARENET, 2004). The 'grey zone' relates to an area of dispute between member states.

Some of the components extracted and fractionated from co-products may require evaluation under this legislation. One example of how this might be relevant is given by the Commission Decision 2002/150 regarding the exploitation of potato proteins and hydrolysates as novel ingredients.

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