Notation

c cg cis

m J0

p1 pF

g mol-1

g mol-1

bar bar bar bar bar

0C m3

osmotic pressure density selectivity universal gas coefficient membrane area concentration concentration of dissolved component in the solution concentration of substance i at the membrane surface saturation concentration of substance i diffusion coefficient Gibbs enthalpy chemical potential of i suspension flow filtrate flow concentrate flow diffusive and convective mass flow permeate flow rate membrane thickness molecular weight mass mass flux hydrostatic pressure standard pressure (1 bar) partial pressure of i feed pressure permeate pressure absolute retention time temperature molar volume of i speed volume flux mass fraction mole fraction c

Guide to Alternative Fuels

Guide to Alternative Fuels

Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet. Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline. The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline. Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know why choosing an alternative fuel may benefit you and your future.

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