Of Mie scattering theory, it is proportional to 1-4 and (D6). Therefore, sensitivity to small cloud drops can only be achieved by using shorter wavelengths. However, at short wavelengths, the signal becomes quickly attenuated as a result of increased scattering and absorption near the edge of the radio window (1 1 cm). Hence, the choice of the wavelength depends on the targets weather radars (5-10 cm wavelength) penetrate non-precipitating clouds whereas cloud radars (1 cm) are sensitive to the smaller-size cloud drops but have shorter range. Most weather radars are scanning and polarized systems, operating in pulse mode. The distance to the cloud is determined from the elapsed time for the pulse's round trip, where the maximum range is determined by the pulse separation. In addition, Doppler radars determine the speed and direction of hydrometeors relative to the radar system. The range in detectable speeds is inversely proportional to the pulse separation time. Signal polarization...
(i) Use the Waste Sector Tier 1 method and Excel worksheets (or other Waste Sector methods and data) to estimate of the amount of solidwood and paper products deposited in SWDS for several years (e.g., 1961 to the present). a. Use the HWP Tier 1 Excel worksheets to estimate the amount of solidwood and paper products in use that are discarded each year for 1961 to the present.
ISIS has a modular architecture as shown in Fig. 8.5 below. Input data is organized in various spreadsheets of an Excel Workbook. As shown in Fig. 8.5, the inputs are transmitted to the optimization part of the ISIS model, where they are used to solve the selected Business-as-Usual (BAU) and policy cases. Potential policy options may include cap-and-trade, emissions taxes, or emissions limits as emission reduction mechanisms. After solving, the results are post-processed to calculate values of various outputs of interest. The output data are exported to Excel spreadsheets for further analyses and graphical representations of selected results.
The environmental challenge is not one of responding to the next regulatory proposal. Nor is it making the environmentalists see things our way. Nor is it educating the public to appreciate the benefits of our products and thus to tolerate their environmental impacts and those of the processes used to make them. Our continued existence as a leading manufacturer requires that we excel in environmental performance and that we enjoy the nonobjection indeed the support of the people and governments in societies where we operate around the world. I'm calling for a corporate environmentalism, which I define as an attitude and a performance commitment that places corporate environmental stewardship fully in line with public desires and expectations.
Statistical techniques for the analysis of drought events based on historical rainfall records of individual stations using commonly available spreadsheet packages operating on desktop computers are suggested (Bedo, 1997). These analyses complement more sophisticated approaches available only to specialists. A series of Microsoft Excel macros, which analyze rainfall in several ways to test the meteorological criteria, are used. These macros provide three techniques of rainfall analysis to identify an exceptional circumstances event.
The good news is that there is hope for developing countries After the Millennium Summit, a set of forty-eight indicators related to the eight MDGs has been agreed upon by the main actors in development politics.9 The quality and availability of data for these indicators are not overwhelming, but they have quickly become popular A Google search for the phrase MDG indicators yielded 544 effective hits in March 2006, compared with only 257 for CSD indicators. 10 Even more impressive is the availability of Excel tables for all MDG indicators on the Web sites of the United Nations Statistics Division, the UNDP, and the World Bank, a sign that the MDG set is being taken seriously by the UN system. attention (only eight indicators, compared to twenty in the CSD set). That is not enough even for a very crude description of environmental problems, and sooner or later this lack of detail must be addressed. The review of the MDGs in September 2005 would have been an excellent opportunity to...
WARM (WAste Reduction Model) was created by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to support solid waste managers and organizations in planning waste management strategies under climate aspect. It is available in a web based calculator format and as a Microsoft EXCEL spreadsheet (EPA, 2005a).
The latest 2006 National Inventory Revised Guidelines include a standardized Tier I multi-component FOD model for landfill CH4 emissions (EXCEL) with default input values for various waste fractions for landfills over a wide range of climatic conditions. Tier II encourages country-specific values. Tier III permits scaling-up of site-specific studies to regional estimates. Tier IV allows more complex site-specific modelling tools. The fraction of
As previously mentioned and just repeating here, the utility system guarantees the basis for the core business to perform. But energy efficiency is the way that utilities can excel in their supporting role for industry. It offers competitiveness by cost reduction and is a necessary step in sustainability by environmental compliance. It must be understood as a quality differential for utilities and pervade all aspects from design, operation and maintenance. It can simply be the first, easiest and cheapest way to address GHG emissions management, because utilities happen to be the biggest and inescapable source of CO2 emissions in the world.
A new user interface was developed for the BRANCH code, where all inputs and outputs are included in a single spreadsheet file (Microsoft Excel). A new module was written to allow for hydrograph generation and to create boundary value data series in any time increments to simulate the hydrograph wave form based on monthly values. Finally, software was developed, which allows mapping of the channel network into a raster grid as defined by the MODFLOW grid, divides the channel into segments, and uses BRANCH output to update the MODFLOW boundary value file for specified-head boundary schedules for any number of cells. The new version of BRANCH was verified successfully with USGS sample data.
GIS data for Saudi Arabia's political boundaries, coastal shores, and identified locations had been utilized. The designated six regions of Saudi Arabia were communicated to GIS by using x and y values for the vortices of each region and then connecting the vortices. Similarly, main cities and meteorological stations were located from their latitudes and longitudes. Enhancement to the map was carried out after testing several ways to get the output data from the climate model to GIS. The climate fields' data were written on Microsoft Office Excel file, then saved as a Microsoft Office access' database which further communicated to GIS by joining features. It was found that a desired column of data from Excel file can be copied and pasted on the desired layer using ArcMap's editors after creating the corresponding field in ArcCatalog. The means of climate fields were created as features in every region and every meteorological station. Historical, predicted, and percentages of climate...
After the field surveys the answers in the questionnaires were computerized. Data entry operators were contracted to enter the data using Microsoft Excel software, following a designed format. The data were then coded for statistical analysis using the SPSS software. In order to harmonize the local words used in the survey areas with what was recorded in English, the survey areas where revisited to get further explanations from farmers. After the analysis hypothesis were derived from the findings related to how farmers use local atmospheric indicators to forecast the onset of the 1st wet seasonal rains. The meteorological data set considered for this study included the period 1960 to 2003. Although some rainfall data were available in electronic medium, the majority of the data needed data entry, especially temperatures and winds. Daily temperatures, winds and rainfall data were entered using Excel spreadsheet software. Analysis of the computerized data revealed many gaps especially...
The Commonwealth of Kentucky encourages controlling pollutants that accelerate global warming and climate through the KY Excel Program, a voluntary leadership program. The goal of this program is to promote cooperation among individuals, state and local government, and the business community by recognizing significant efforts made toward environmental progress in Kentucky. Members are required to conduct at least one environment-related project each year in the fields of conservation, education, energy efficiency, financial support, mentoring and technical assistance, performance improvement, public health, restoration, and waste reduction. Specific projects have dealt with promoting plans to get motor vehicles off the road through carpooling, walking, and biking encouraging the use of vehicles that use alternative fuels taking showers instead of tub baths cleaning up dump sites and collecting and recycling wastes.
Situation analysis, develop objectives, and identify critical indicators. This system is based on an Excel workbook tool that walks practitioners through the steps in the process. A simpler version of this process can be found in Measures of Success,196 which uses visual conceptual models to help show the causal chains linking key factors in your situation analysis as a basis for setting objectives and selecting indicators.