Thomandersia anachoreta

Acanthaceae

Heine

Description

Phenology

Guild: np

Life form: treelet or shrub

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: opposite, simple, lanceolate, notophyll (3-5 x

6-13 cm), entire, coriaceous

Inflorescence: axillary or terminal, not branched

Flower: yellowish green or bright brownish pink Fruit: dry dehiscent (capsule), ellipsoid (1.6 x 0.9 cm)

Seed: medium-sized (0.3 cm)

Distribution Data sources

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Heine (1966)

Upper Guinea: Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire (Heine 1966, herbarium)

Distribution type: continuous, regional, present in 4 30' cells, distribution range is 390 km Forest type: swamp forest, secondary forest

Habitat

In disturbed forest, along forest edges or roads. Sometimes near rivers or swampy areas. On rocky or red loamy soils (herbarium).

Thomandersia

Open (n) Altitude River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

>500m

<2km

<5km

Soil WHC

spp n

Tiliacora leonensis (Scott-Elliot) Diels

Menispermaceae

Guild: np

Life form: winding woody climber

Max. height: 25 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 7 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: alternate; simple, oblong, mesophyll (3-9 x

5-20 cm), coriaceous, with 5 pairs of lateral nerves looping together conspicuously; petiole 1.5 cm long, hairy

Inflorescence: dioecious, cauliflorous, male cyme (3-6 cm long), peduncle hairy; female inflorescence unknown

Flower: sessile; small, bowl-shaped, yellow, fragrant

Fruit: fleshy, obovoid (1.8 x 1 cm); red-brown to black; 1 seed

Seed: large (1.5 x 0.8 x 0.7 cm) Other: the stem is somewhat lobed. The sapwood is yellowish and densely layered in concentric rings. It has no exudate.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d'lvoire, Ghana.

Distribution type: continuous distribution, widespread, distribution range is > 1411 km Forest type: wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, moist semi-deciduous forest, dry semi-deciduous forest, riverine forest, savanna, and secondary forest.

occasionally also in mature rainforest. Frequently on sandy soils but sometimes also on clayish ones (herbarium).

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade, but many records were found in disturbed habitats.

Phenology

Data sources

FWTA, Troupin (1962), Hall & Swaine (1981), De Koning (1983), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Habitat

Species occurrence increases in places where rainfall reaches 1500-2000 mm/year (Chi2 test), and where soils are base-poor (Hall & Swaine 1981). Most often in secondary forests (herbarium, De Koning 1983) and riverine forests but

spp

Open (n)

Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

>500m

<2km

<5km

D

Il M

W

II VW

II

M

Il H

L

M

H

71

35

II

l|13

II 50

24

13

7

76

17

39

11

42

All

1146333

37

4

39

7

37

29

24

10

6

69

25

36

13

39

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