Simaroubaceae

Guild: sb

Life form: medium-sized tree Max. height: 21 m (herbarium) Max. diameter: 40 cm (herbarium) Leaf: alternate, imparipinnately compound, 11-31 subopposite leaflets, oblong to elliptic, mesophyll (3-9 x 10-30 cm), entire, coriaceous, hairs on midrib Inflorescence: several clustered spikes Flower: small; red

Fruit: oblong to ellipsoid (4.5 x 7 cm), woody, yellow

Seed: data unavailable

Other: it has a rough bark in square scales, with a strong almond scent.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana (herbarium), Togo (Hawthorne 1995a) Distribution type: Upper Guinea disjunct, widespread, present in 6 30' cells, Red List species (Vulnerable)

Forest type: rainforest, wet evergreen forest, semi-deciduous forest

Other: a genus of two (or one very variable) species (Keay 1989): P. africanum occurs from Nigeria to Angola; P. kerstingii is known in Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana (where it is uncommon) and Togo. Although the trees in the two extremes are remarkably similar, the discontinuous distribution in Ghana between specimens in very dry forest (e.g. Awura F.R.) and in very wet forest (e.g. Ankasa GPR), with few cases in between, does suggest that two species may be involved (Hawthorne 1995a).

Habitat

Sometimes found on riverbanks.

Phenology

Data unavailable.

Data sources

FWTA, Aubréville (1959), Keay (1989), Hawthorne (1995a), IUCN Red List (2000), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Piptostigma fugax A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalziel Annonaceae

Description

Guild: sb

Life form: shrub or small tree

Max. height: 5 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: alternate, simple, elliptic, mesophyll (4-7 x

9-21 cm), entire, herbaceous, hairy

Inflorescence: cauliflorous

Flower: large; calyx with brown hairs; corolla cream, pinkish, or orange, bowl-shaped

Fruit: fleshy (1.8 cm long), yellow

Other: the young twigs are hairy.

Distribution

It is found in the understorey of both dense and disturbed forests. Occasionally reported on sandy soils (herbarium).

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Dispersal: probably dispersed by animals

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic Upper Guinea: Liberia, Côte d'lvoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 12 30' cells, distribution range is 1133 km, Red List species (Vulnerable) Forest type: evergreen forest, semi-deciduous forest, disturbed forest. In Ghana, it is mostly found in upland evergreen forests, but it is also present in wet evergreen forests, and moist semi-deciduous forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981), IUCN Red List (2000)

Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

>500m

>500m

<2km

<5km

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