Guild: sb

Life form: large tree Max. height: 40 m (Letouzey 1961) Max. diameter: 100 cm (Letouzey 1961) Leaf: alternate, simple, elliptic to oblong, microphyll (2-4 x 5-12 cm), entire, coriaceous, glabrous, with about 5 pairs of lateral nerves Inflorescence: axillary, not branched (short racemes) Flower: small ( 0.5 cm long); perianth white with corolla tube reddish at the base; 12-16 tepals; fragrant Fruit: fleshy inside, endocarp dehiscent (drupe), ovoid (2 cm long), woody and ribbed outside, red Seed: large (1.2 x 1.0 x 0.6 cm) Other: the wood is yellowish, hard, and fibrous.


Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d'lvoire,


Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 33 30' cells, distribution range is 1184 km Forest type: wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, semi-deciduous forest, swamp forest, secondary forest. In Ghana, it is mostly found in wet evergreen forests (Hall & Swaine 1981). It can be locally abundant (herbarium), but it is rather rare (Savill & Fox 1967).


Species occurrence increases with rainfall to reach an optimum around 2200 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). It is found in the understorey of dense forests but often also along forest borders. Usually in very moist places of the forest or close to rivers (Chi2 test). In Ghana, it is highly correlated with acidic, base poor soils (Hall & Swaine 1981). On sandy, clay, or rocky soils (herbarium).

It is a gregarious species (herbarium), that can regenerate in the shade (Hall & Swaine 1981).


Deciduousness: evergreen (Savill & Fox 1967) Dispersal: Hawthorne (1995a) commented that although one would expect some kind of animal dispersal, Taylor (1960) referred to the apparent lack of it.

Timing: flowering period from March to April; fruiting period in July (Savill & Fox 1967)


The gum from the wood is locally used as a glue. The wood is not easy to work and not resistant to decay (Savill & Fox 1967).

Data sources

FWTA, Taylor (1960), Letouzey (1961), Savill & Fox (1967), Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne (1995a)

Sericanthe adamii (N.Hallé) Robbr.

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