Guild: np

Life form: winding woody climber Max. height: 6 m (herbarium) Max. diameter: data unavailable Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic to ovate, mesophyll (8-11.5 x 9.5-15.5 cm), entire, petiole and veins brown and pubescent; interpetiolar stipules Inflorescence: terminal, flowers in a globose head Flower: medium-sized, calyx green with a large white lobe; corolla bright yellow, hairy outside; scent of primrose

Fruit: fleshy, ellipsoid (1.5 x 4.5 cm), green, hairy; many seeds Seed: small

Other: the stems are coarsely hairy.


Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d'lvoire

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 23 30' cells, distribution range is 725 km. It can be locally common.

Forest type: moist evergreen forest, secondary forest, thickets


Species occurrence increases significantly with rainfall to reach an optimum around 2700 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). It is commonly found in open places (e.g. roadsides, and forest edges) and in secondary vegetation. Occasionally found in closed forest. Sometimes found along rivers. Soils can be clayish or loamy (herbarium).

Data sources

FWTA, Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

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