Rubiaceae

Cummins

Description

Guild: pi

Life form: large winding woody climber Max. height: 25 m long (De Koning 1983) Max. diameter: data unavailable Leaf: opposite, simple, usually obovate, mesophyll (4-8.5 x 8.5-14 cm), entire, pilose on the nerves beneath and with scattered hairs above; interpetiolar stipules

Inflorescence: terminal, flowers in a globose head Flower: with a conspicuous white flag-like calyx-lobe, all other calyx-lobes small leaf-like at least 3 mm wide and with many spreading long hairs; corolla with ascending hairs on the outside, yellow Fruit: fleshy (1.8 x 3.5 cm), orange, densely hairy; many seeds Seed: small, brown

Other: it has no exudate. The species is very similar to M. grandiflora.

Distribution

Continent: Nigeria

Upper Guinea: Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 22 30' cells, distribution range is 642 km Forest type: wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, savanna, swamp forest, secondary forest, thickets, coastal shrubland

Species occurrence decreases with altitude (logistic regression analysis) and is higher where rainfall reaches 1500-2000 mm/yr (Chi2 test). It grows commonly in open places of disturbed forests (e.g. forest edges, roadside thickets, low secondary bushes, and occasionally open savanna), but it can sometimes be found in dense wet evergreen forests (herbarium). It has a preference for wet sites such as streams, ponds, or swampy forests (De Koning 1983). On sandy to sandy-clayish soils (herbarium).

Regeneration

It has epigeal germination (De Koning 1983).

Phenology

Timing: flowering period in July and December; fruiting period from July to August, and December to February (De Koning 1983)

Data sources

FWTA, De Koning (1983), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Open(n)

Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

<2km

<5km

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