Rubiaceae

G.Don

Description

Guild: pi

Life form: winding woody climber

Max. height: 7 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic to ovate, notophyll

(2.5-5.5 x 6.5-16 cm), entire, coriaceous, with stiff hairs on upper surface, softly beneath; interpetiolar stipules

Inflorescence: terminal, branched (flowers in a globose head)

Flower: large; calyx green with enlarged calyx lobe white with green veining; corolla tube yellow Fruit: fleshy, globose (1 x 2 cm), ridged, orange to yellow, densely pubescent; many seeds Seed: small (0.05 cm), brown Other: the whole plant is softly pubescent.

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Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 39 30' cells, distribution range is 967 km. It has a widely scattered distribution, probably because of its association with streams and swamps. Forest type: rainforest, riverine forest, swamp forest, secondary forest

Habitat

It is mostly found in places where rainfall is around 3000 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test), but it has been occasionally recorded in dry secondary bush. It is nearly always found in secondary vegetation, along forest edges, or along the road. Usually close to water such as streams, rivers, lakes, swamps, and marshes (herbarium). It is found on valley bottoms, in swamps (De Rouw 1991).

Phenology

Data sources

FWTA, De Rouw (1991)

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