Rubiaceae

Description

Guild: sb

Life form: shrub or small tree

Max. height: 6 m (herbarium)

Max. diameter: 4 cm (herbarium)

Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic, mesophyll (3-8.5 x

7-25 cm), entire, becoming dentate towards the apex, glabrous; interpetiolar stipules

Inflorescence: axillary, solitary

Flower: large (corolla up to 11 cm long, and lobes up to 4.5 cm long); corolla creamy, long tubular;

very fragrant

Fruit: woody, long and narrow (2.5 x 8 cm), brownish; many seeds

Other: it has pale corky twigs, usually forking into trees.

Distribution

Continent: Nigeria, Cameroon (herbarium) Upper Guinea: Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana (herbarium) Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 20 30' cells, distribution range is 2977 km Forest type: moist evergreen forest, dry forest, savanna-woodland, gallery forest, secondary forest

Habitat

Species occurrence increases in places where rainfall is less than 1500 mm/yr (Chi2 test). Often near rivers, especially in drier areas (herbarium, Hawthorne & Jongkind 2004). Usually in dry forests but also common in villages and botanical nurseries due to its medicinal and practical uses. It can also be found in the rainforest, both in clearings or deep shade.

Phenology

Dispersal: probably by animals

Dispersal: probably by animals

Uses

The fruits are edible (herbarium). In Ghana, the roots are used to increase the fertility of women.

Data sources

FWTA, Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Gilbertiodendron bilineatum (Hutch. & Dalziel) J.Léonard

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