Rhamnaceae

Description

Guild: sb

Life form: shrub or small tree Max. height: 10 m (herbarium) Max. diameter: 25 cm (herbarium) Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic to oblanceolate, mesophyll (4.5-9 x 12-23 cm), dentate, coriaceous, glabrous or slightly hairy on the midrib above, hairy on the whole surface or on the nerves beneath; petiole hairy (0.4-1.6 cm long); with interpetiolar stipules

Inflorescence: axillary, branched (10 cm long) Flower: small (0.6-1 cm in diameter); white with brown hairs

Fruit: dry dehiscent (explosive capsule), globose (1.4 cm in diameter), dull yellow to green, densely covered in short hairs

Seed: medium-sized (1 x 0.8 x 0.5 cm), reddish brown

Other: the bole is black, the bark red-stained. It has hairy twigs and young branchlets with conspicuous white lenticels.

Distribution

Continent: Guineo-Congolian wide: from Côte d'Ivoire to Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania (Hall & Swaine 1981). Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tomé and Principe, Gabon, Congo (Brazzaville), Democratic Republic of Congo (herbarium) Upper Guinea: Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire (herbarium) Distribution type: continental disjunct, in Upper Guinea present in 4 30' cells Forest type: moist evergreen forest, moist semi-deciduous forest, dry semi-deciduous forest, gallery forest, swamp forest, secondary forest. In Ghana, most abundant in Southern Marginal forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Found in deep shade. It occurs frequently along riversides and in swamps (herbarium).

Regeneration

It regenerates in shade, and sometimes occurs gregarious in the understorey of dry forests (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Phenology

Dispersal: explosive

Dispersal: explosive

Data sources

FWTA, Hall & Swaine (1981)

Leptoderris miegei Aké Assi & Mangenot

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