Dispersal: by monkeys

Breteler (2001), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Data sources

Breteler (2001), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Environmental table unavailable. There were no sufficient data on the environmental conditions of this single specimen.

Triclisia dictyophylla Diels



Guild: pi

Life form: large winding woody climber Max. height: 7 m high, 20 m long (herbarium) Max. diameter: 5 cm (herbarium) Leaf: deltoid with cordate base, macrophyll (up to 20 x 25 cm), herbaceous, pubescent on midrib and main nerves

Inflorescence: dioecious, cauliflorous, compound Flower: small; bell-shaped; calyx pale brown; corolla orange, yellow inside, anthers greyish Fruit: fleshy (drupe) (1.7 x 2.5 cm), orange; 1-5 seeds

Seed: large (1-1.5 cm), with hard endocarp Other: a climbing shrub when young. It has a lobed stem and the branchlets, petiole and midrib beneath are brown velutinous. The wood on cross-section has ring-patterns.



Generally, found in small gaps and secondary vegetation (Hall & Swaine 1981). In Ghana, reputed in upland evergreen forests, but in Cameroon also along forest edges at the seaside. On sandy soils (herbarium).


Data sources

Hall & Swaine (1981), Hawthorne & Jongkind (2004)

Continent: Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo (herbarium). Guineo-Congolian wide, from Côte d'Ivoire to the Democratic Republic of Congo (Hall & Swaine 1981)

Upper Guinea: Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana (herbarium)

Distribution type: continental disjunct, widespread, present in 9 30' cells

Forest type: evergreen forest, moist semi-deciduous forest, secondary forest. In Ghana, it is only found in upland evergreen and moist semi-deciduous forest (Hall & Swaine 1981).

Tristemma akeassii Jacq.-Fél.


Guild: np

Life form: erect or creeping herb, rather woody at the base

Max. height: 1.5 m (De Koning 1983) Max. diameter: data unavailable Leaf: opposite, simple, elliptic, mesophyll (3.5-9 x 7-16 cm), entire, herbaceous, often dark reddish beneath, with white hairs on both sides; petiole 0.5-1 cm long

Inflorescence: terminal, unbranched (1-1.5 cm long)

Flower: small; corolla white, pink, violet, or purple with a pale yellow centre

Fruit: fleshy, ellipsoid to oblong (0.7 x 1.1 cm), brown; many seeds

Seed: small (0.02 mm in diameter)

Other: the twigs are quadrangular and hairy.

Data sources


Continent: Nigeria (Jacques-Félix 1976) Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 25 30' cells, distribution range is 1611 km Forest type: montane forest, evergreen forest, secondary forest. It is locally abundant (herbarium).


Species occurrence increases significantly in places with rainfall higher than 1500 mm/yr (logistic regression analysis, Chi2 test). It can be found in the rainforest understorey, but it is also common in open places (e.g. forest gaps and clearings, along forest roadsides, cultivated land, and coconut plantations). Usually, found in moist places (e.g. dripping cliffs, near creeks, riverbanks, and occasionally even swamps) (herbarium).

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