Passifloraceae

Guild: pi

Life form: large woody climber

Max. height: 20 m long (herbarium)

Max. diameter: data unavailable

Leaf: alternate, simple, elliptic to obovate, notophyll

(3.5-5.5 x 7.5-16 cm) or palmately lobed, entire, coriaceous; with stipules

Inflorescence: axillary, branched, 2-6 flowers

Flower: hermaphrodite; medium-sized; corolla white and yellow

Fruit: dry dehiscent, ellipsoid (3 x 8 cm), orange, smooth, opening with 3 valves; many seeds Seed: medium-sized (0.9 x 0.6 x 0.4 cm), with an aril

Other: it climbs with tendrils. Possibly starts as a shrub when young.

Distribution

Continent: Upper Guinea endemic

Upper Guinea: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana

Distribution type: continuous, widespread, present in 33 30' cell, distribution range is 1305 km Forest type: montane evergreen forest, wet evergreen forest, moist evergreen forest, secondary forest (herbarium). In Côte d'Ivoire, it is often found in coastal forests (Kasparek 2000).

Habitat

Typically, found in open places of disturbed evergreen forests (e.g. forest gaps, edges, roadsides) and even degraded forests. Often in moist places (e.g. near lagoons or rivers). Soils can be clayish, sandy or rocky (herbarium). Species occurrence is associated to base-poor soils (logistic regression analysis).

Regeneration

It has a phanerocotylar epigeal foliaceous seedling type (De Koning 1983).

Phenology

Dispersal: probably by animals

It has a phanerocotylar epigeal foliaceous seedling type (De Koning 1983).

Dispersal: probably by animals

spp

n

Open (n) Altitude

River

Coast

Mean Annual Rainfall

Soil CMK

Soil WHC

C.l.

63

>500m

<2km

<5km

D

M

W

VW

L

M

H

L

M

H

50 (46) 3

48

6

22

31

36

10

16

67

17

25

19

52

All

46333

37 4

39

7

37

29

24

10

6

69

25

36

13

39

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